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Open AccessArticle

Chemical Dealloying Synthesis of CuS Nanowire-on-Nanoplate Network as Anode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China
2
Synergy Innovation Institute of GDUT, Heyuan 517000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(4), 252; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8040252
Received: 7 March 2018 / Revised: 3 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 9 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanoporous Metals)
CuS is a metal sulfide anode material used in constructing lithium ion batteries (LIBs) with great promise. However, its practical application is limited by rapid capacity decline, poor cycling, and rate performance. In this work, the CuS nanowire-on-nanoplate network is synthesized through an improved dealloying method under two contrasting reaction temperatures. When used as an LIB anode, the as-obtained CuS network exhibits superior cycling performance (420 mAh·g−1 retained after 100 cycles at 0.2 C). When at 3 C, it still delivers a capacity of around 350 mAh·g−1. The improved electrochemical performances of the CuS anode should be attributed to the well-designed nanowire-on-nanoplate network structure in which the introduction of nanowires improves Li storage sites, shortens Li-ion diffusion distance, enhances the conductivity of active materials, and offers multiscale spaces for buffering the volume variation. The fabrication route adopted in this paper has an important significance for developing the dealloying technique and designing more suitable anode structures for LIBs. View Full-Text
Keywords: dealloying; CuS; anode; Li-ion battery; metallic glass dealloying; CuS; anode; Li-ion battery; metallic glass
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Z.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Li, M.; Qin, C.; Bakenov, Z. Chemical Dealloying Synthesis of CuS Nanowire-on-Nanoplate Network as Anode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries. Metals 2018, 8, 252.

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