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Open AccessArticle

Anodic Lodes and Scrapings as a Source of Electrolytic Manganese

1
Laboratorio de Metalurgia, Dpto. de Ciencia de los Materiales e Ingeniería Metalúrgica, Escuela de Minas, Energía y Materiales, Universidad de Oviedo, 33004 Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
2
Departamento de Medioambiente, Gobierno del Principado de Asturias, 33005 Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(3), 162; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8030162
Received: 26 December 2017 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 March 2018 / Published: 7 March 2018
Manganese is an element of interest in metallurgy, especially in ironmaking and steel making, but also in copper and aluminum industries. The depletion of manganese high grade sources and the environmental awareness have led to search for new manganese sources, such as wastes/by-products of other metallurgies. In this way, we propose the recovery of manganese from anodic lodes and scrapings of the zinc electrolysis process because of their high Mn content (>30%). The proposed process is based on a mixed leaching: a lixiviation-neutralization at low temperature (50 °C, reached due to the exothermic reactions involved in the process) and a lixiviation with sulfuric acid at high temperature (150–200 °C, in heated reactor). The obtained solution after the combined process is mainly composed by manganese sulphate. This solution is then neutralized with CaO (or manganese carbonate) as a first purification stage, removing H2SO4 and those impurities that are easily removable by controlling pH. Then, the purification of nobler elements than manganese is performed by their precipitation as sulphides. The purified solution is sent to electrolysis where electrolytic manganese is obtained (99.9% Mn). The versatility of the proposed process allows for obtaining electrolytic manganese, oxide of manganese (IV), oxide of manganese (II), or manganese sulphate. View Full-Text
Keywords: manganese; Zinc; electrolytic lodes and scrapings; electrolytic manganese; metallurgy; hydrometallurgy; recycling manganese; Zinc; electrolytic lodes and scrapings; electrolytic manganese; metallurgy; hydrometallurgy; recycling
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Fernández-González, D.; Sancho-Gorostiaga, J.; Piñuela-Noval, J.; Verdeja González, L.F. Anodic Lodes and Scrapings as a Source of Electrolytic Manganese. Metals 2018, 8, 162.

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