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Simulation of Crack Initiation and Propagation in the Crystals of a Beam Blank

1,2,3, 2,3, 2,3,*, 2,3 and 2,3
1
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2
North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, Hebei, China
3
Hebei Engineering Research Center of High Quality Steel Continuous Casting, Tangshan 063009, Hebei, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(11), 905; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8110905
Received: 5 October 2018 / Revised: 28 October 2018 / Accepted: 1 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Continuous Casting)
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PDF [22491 KB, uploaded 6 November 2018]
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Abstract

Surface cracking seriously affects the quality of beam blanks in continuous casting. To study the mechanism of surface crack initiation and propagation under beam blank mesoscopic condition, this study established a polycrystalline model using MATLAB. Based on mesoscopic damage mechanics, a full implicit stress iterative algorithm was used to simulate the crack propagation and the stress and strain of pores and inclusions of the polycrystalline model using ABAQUS software. The results show that the stress at the crystal boundary is much higher than that in the crystal, cracks occur earlier in the former than in the latter, and cracks extend along the direction perpendicular to the force. When a polycrystalline model with pores is subjected to tensile stress, a stress concentration occurs when the end of the pores is perpendicular to the stress direction, and the propagation and aggregation direction of the pores is basically perpendicular to the direction of the tensile stress. When a polycrystalline model with impurities is subjected to force, the stress concentrates around the impurity but the strain here is minimal, which leads to the crack propagating along the impurity direction. This study can provide theoretical guidance for controlling the generation of macroscopic cracks in beam blanks. View Full-Text
Keywords: polycrystalline model; pores; inclusions; mechanism; beam blank; crystal; propagation polycrystalline model; pores; inclusions; mechanism; beam blank; crystal; propagation
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Yang, G.; Zhu, L.; Chen, W.; Guo, G.; He, B. Simulation of Crack Initiation and Propagation in the Crystals of a Beam Blank. Metals 2018, 8, 905.

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