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Article

Numerical Investigation of Flow Characteristics of Molten Steel in the Tundish with Channel Induction Heating

by 1, 2,3,*, 4, 1 and 1
1
School of Materials and Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051, China
2
Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, Ministry of Education, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
3
School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
4
Angang Steel Corporation Limited, Anshan 114000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Timo Fabritius and Giulio Timelli
Metals 2021, 11(12), 1937; https://doi.org/10.3390/met11121937
Received: 8 October 2021 / Revised: 30 October 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 30 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Metallurgical Processes)
In the continuous process, fluid flow is an important physical phenomena in the tundish, as it affects the process of heat transfer, bubble motion and inclusion collision-coalescence and grow up. This paper undertakes a detailed numerical investigation of fluid flow characteristics in the tundish with and without induction heating. The individual unit method and the volume subtraction model are applied to analyze the flow characteristics. A quantitative evaluation method of flow characteristics is proposed to investigate the flow characteristics. In the tundish with and without induction heating, firstly, the main flow behavior of molten steel is mixed flow in the receiving chamber; secondly, the main flow behavior of molten steel is plug flow in the channel; lastly, the main flow pattern is mixed flow, and the minor flow pattern is plug flow in the discharging chamber. The method of the volume subtraction model is an effective way to analyze the flow characteristics in the tundish with channel induction heating. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluid flow; plug flow; mixed flow; dead volume; chamber fluid flow; plug flow; mixed flow; dead volume; chamber
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, B.; Lei, H.; Xu, Y.; Liu, K.; Han, P. Numerical Investigation of Flow Characteristics of Molten Steel in the Tundish with Channel Induction Heating. Metals 2021, 11, 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11121937

AMA Style

Yang B, Lei H, Xu Y, Liu K, Han P. Numerical Investigation of Flow Characteristics of Molten Steel in the Tundish with Channel Induction Heating. Metals. 2021; 11(12):1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11121937

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Bin, Hong Lei, Yingshi Xu, Kun Liu, and Peng Han. 2021. "Numerical Investigation of Flow Characteristics of Molten Steel in the Tundish with Channel Induction Heating" Metals 11, no. 12: 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11121937

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