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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Influence of HPT Deformation on the Structure and Properties of Amorphous Alloys

1
Institute of Physics of Advanced Materials, Ufa State Aviation Technical University, 12 K. Marx str., Ufa 450008, Russia
2
Laboratory of Nanostructured Materials Physics, Institute of Molecule and Crystal Physics UFRC RAS, 71 pr. Oktyabrya, Ufa 450054, Russia
3
Joint Research Center “Nanotech”, Ufa State Aviation Technical University, 12 K. Marx str., Ufa 450008, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(3), 415; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10030415
Received: 3 March 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advancements in Metallic Glasses)
Recent studies showed that structural changes in amorphous alloys under high pressure torsion (HPT) are determined by their chemical composition and processing regimes. For example, HPT treatment of some amorphous alloys leads to their nanocrystallization; in other alloys, nanocrystallization was not observed, but structural transformations of the amorphous phase were revealed. HPT processing resulted in its modification by introducing interfaces due to the formation of shear bands. In this case, the alloys after HPT processing remained amorphous, but a cluster-type structure was formed. The origin of the observed changes in the structure and properties of amorphous alloys is associated with the chemical separation and evolution of free volume in the amorphous phase due to the formation of a high density of interfaces as a result of HPT processing. Amorphous metal alloys with a nanocluster structure and nanoscale inhomogeneities, representatives of which are nanoglasses, significantly differ in their physical and mechanical properties from conventional amorphous materials. The results presented in this review show that the severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing can be one of the efficient ways for producing a nanocluster structure and improving the properties of amorphous alloys. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-pressure torsion; severe plastic deformation; bulk metallic glass; transmitting electron microscopy; X-ray diffraction; differential scanning calorimetry; free volume high-pressure torsion; severe plastic deformation; bulk metallic glass; transmitting electron microscopy; X-ray diffraction; differential scanning calorimetry; free volume
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Gunderov, D.; Astanin, V. Influence of HPT Deformation on the Structure and Properties of Amorphous Alloys. Metals 2020, 10, 415.

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