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The Athletics Injury Prevention Programme Can Help to Reduce the Occurrence at Short Term of Participation Restriction Injury Complaints in Athletics: A Prospective Cohort Study

1
Inter-University Laboratory of Human Movement Science (LIBM EA 7424), University Jean Monnet, University of Lyon, 42023 Saint Etienne, France
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Department of Clinical and Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, 42055 Saint-Etienne CEDEX 2, France
3
Medical Commission, French Athletics Federation (FFA), 75640 Paris CEDEX 13, France
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European Athletics Medical & Anti Doping Commission, European Athletics Association (EAA), 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hospital of Arcachon, 33260 La Teste de Buch, France
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Bordeaux, 33076 Bordeaux CEDEX, France
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Handicap Activité Cognition Santé, University of Bordeaux, 33076 Bordeaux CEDEX, France
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Sportrehab Physiotherapy practice, 34000 Montpellier, France
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Department of Orthopeadics, University Hospital of Reims, 51092 Reims CEDEX, France
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Sports Medicine Unit, University Hospital of Martinique, 97232 Lamentin, France
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Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, 0806 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2020, 8(6), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8060084
Received: 20 February 2020 / Revised: 28 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 May 2020 / Published: 4 June 2020
We aimed to determine whether an Athletics Injury Prevention Programme (AIPP), targeting the most common athletics injuries, can reduce the occurrence of injury complaints that lead to restrictions in athletics participation (participation restriction injury complaints) in the short (12 weeks) and long (40 weeks) terms. For our 40-week prospective cohort study (level of evidence 2), we invited inter-regional and national-level athletes to regularly perform the AIPP, which included 8 exercises addressing core stability, hamstring, leg and pelvic muscles strengthening and stretching, and balance exercises. A Cox regression was used to analyse the influence of AIPP on the occurrence of participation restriction injury complaint, adjusted to sex, age, height, body mass, discipline, and history of injury complaints during the preceding season, individual response rate, mean weekly training time, mean weekly number of competition, presented by hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). At 12 weeks (n = 62 athletes), the AIPP was significantly associated with a lower risk of participation restriction injury complaint HR = 0.36 (95% CI: 0.15 to 0.86), p = 0.02 and HR = 0.29 (95% CI: 0.12 to 0.73), p = 0.009, with cumulative weeks and cumulative training time as time scale, respectively, while at 40 weeks (n = 53 athletes) there was no significant association. An 8-exercise injury prevention programme can effectively help to reduce occurrence of injury complaints that would restrict an athlete’s participation in athletics in the short term. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports injury prevention; injury prevention program; athletics; track and field; epidemiology; prospective studies sports injury prevention; injury prevention program; athletics; track and field; epidemiology; prospective studies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Edouard, P.; Cugy, E.; Dolin, R.; Morel, N.; Serra, J.-M.; Depiesse, F.; Branco, P.; Steffen, K. The Athletics Injury Prevention Programme Can Help to Reduce the Occurrence at Short Term of Participation Restriction Injury Complaints in Athletics: A Prospective Cohort Study. Sports 2020, 8, 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8060084

AMA Style

Edouard P, Cugy E, Dolin R, Morel N, Serra J-M, Depiesse F, Branco P, Steffen K. The Athletics Injury Prevention Programme Can Help to Reduce the Occurrence at Short Term of Participation Restriction Injury Complaints in Athletics: A Prospective Cohort Study. Sports. 2020; 8(6):84. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8060084

Chicago/Turabian Style

Edouard, Pascal; Cugy, Emmanuelle; Dolin, Romain; Morel, Nicolas; Serra, Jean-Michel; Depiesse, Frédéric; Branco, Pedro; Steffen, Kathrin. 2020. "The Athletics Injury Prevention Programme Can Help to Reduce the Occurrence at Short Term of Participation Restriction Injury Complaints in Athletics: A Prospective Cohort Study" Sports 8, no. 6: 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8060084

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