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Device-Assessed Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors in Canadians with Chronic Disease(s): Findings from the Canadian Health Measures Survey

1
Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C3P8, Canada
2
Research Center, University Institute of Mental Health at Montréal, Montréal, QC H1N3M5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(5), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7050113
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 29 April 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
Physical activity and sedentary behaviors (SB) are major determinants of quality of life in adults with one or more chronic disease(s). The aim of this study is to compare objectively measured physical activity and SB in a representative sample of Canadian adults with and without chronic disease(s). The Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) (2007–2013) was used in this study. Daily time spent in physical activities and sedentary behaviors were assessed by an accelerometer in Canadians aged 35–79 years. Data are characterized as daily mean time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), light physical activity (LPA), steps accumulated per day and SB. Chronic diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, heart diseases, cancer) were assessed via self-report diagnostic or laboratory data. Weighted multivariable analyses of covariance comparing physical activity and SB variables among adults without and with chronic disease(s) were conducted; 6270 participants were included. Analyses indicated that 23.9%, 4.9% and 0.5% had one, two, and three or more chronic diseases. Adults with two and more chronic diseases had significantly lower daily duration of MVPA and LPA, daily step counts, and higher daily duration of SB compared to adults without chronic diseases. Interventions targeting physical activity improvement and SB reduction might be beneficial for Canadian multimorbid adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chronic disease; physical activity; sedentary behavior; multimorbidity; health promotion Chronic disease; physical activity; sedentary behavior; multimorbidity; health promotion
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Hains-Monfette, G.; Atoui, S.; Needham Dancause, K.; Bernard, P. Device-Assessed Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors in Canadians with Chronic Disease(s): Findings from the Canadian Health Measures Survey. Sports 2019, 7, 113.

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