Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between Change of Direction Tests in Elite Youth Soccer Players
Previous Article in Journal
Heart Rate Responses and Exercise Intensity During A Prolonged 4-Hour Individual Cycling Race among Japanese Recreational Cyclists
Open AccessArticle

Injury Pain in Track and Field Athletes: Cross-Sectional Study of Mediating Factors

1
Athletics Research Center, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, 58183 Linköping, Sweden
2
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Moi University, Eldoret 30107, Kenya
3
Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, 58183 Linköping, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(5), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7050110
Received: 14 January 2019 / Revised: 30 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 10 May 2019
This exploratory study aimed to investigate whether data from track and field athletes support a conceptual model where the perception of pain affects self-evaluated health directly, yet is also indirectly mediated through personal factors and external stressors. A cross-sectional study was performed among athletes (n = 278) competing at the highest national level in the sport. Data for the dependent and independent variables were collected using the EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) standardized measure of health status, and the mediator variables were collected by the Body Consciousness Scale (BCS-HA), Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ), Commitment to Exercise Scale (CtES), and Brief Cope survey instruments. Two hundred and twenty-five (81%) athletes provided complete data sets. A strong direct association (c = −16.49; p < 0.001) was found between pain and self-estimated health, and a global mediation was found through the mediators (mediation effect (ME), −1.814, 90% confidence interval (CI), −3.414, −0.351). Specific mediation was observed for body competence (ME, −0.721; 90% CI, −2.028, −0.097) and private body consciousness (ME, −0.514; 90% CI, −1.761, −0.017). In conclusion, we found a negative association between perceived pain and self-evaluated health among competitive track and field athletes, and we found that a portion of the association was mediated through mediating factors. Under the assumption that the analyzed pain data primarily represented noxious pain, the conceptual model of the relationships between pain and self-estimated health among high-level track and field athletes was supported. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports medicine; pain perception; athletics; overuse injury; body consciousness; mediation analysis sports medicine; pain perception; athletics; overuse injury; body consciousness; mediation analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Timpka, T.; Jacobsson, J.; Bargoria, V.; Dahlström, Ö. Injury Pain in Track and Field Athletes: Cross-Sectional Study of Mediating Factors. Sports 2019, 7, 110.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop