Next Article in Journal
Analyzing the Components of Emotional Competence of Football Coaches: A Qualitative Study from the Coaches’ Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
Heart Rate Variability Responses to an Undulating Resistance Training Program in Free-Living Conditions: A Case Study in a Collegiate Athlete
Previous Article in Special Issue
Changes in Pain and Nutritional Intake Modulate Ultra-Running Performance: A Case Report
Open AccessCase Report

Influence of Training Load on Mood Disturbance at Sea Level and 3900 m Altitude: A Case Study of a Wheelchair Athlete

Sport Research Centre, Miguel Hernandez University, 03202 Elche, Spain
Department of Physical and Sports Education, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernandez University, Elche, Institute for Health and Biomedical Research (ISABIAL-FISABIO Foundation), 03010 Alicante, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2018, 6(4), 122;
Received: 25 September 2018 / Revised: 17 October 2018 / Accepted: 22 October 2018 / Published: 22 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Physiology and Sport Psychology in Competition Sports)
The purpose of this case study was to investigate the influence of a training load (TL), oxygen saturation (SO2) and blood pressure (BP) on mood states in a wheelchair marathoner during (7 weeks at sea level (SL), 5 weeks at 3860 m altitude, 1 week returning to SL). TL was obtained with Foster’s equation while mood states were obtained with the Profile of Mood States Questionnaire (POMS). Furthermore, SO2 and BP were assessed upon wakening. SO2 (%) decreased at altitude, compared to SL (88.31 ± 2.46 vs. 98.52 ± 0.11) and increased until the last week at altitude (92.64 ± 1.12). Systolic pressure (SP) increased at altitude compared to pre-altitude (126.0 ± 5.1 vs. 107.6 ± 4.4 mmhg), and was not different from the last week at altitude. Controlling for SO2 and SP, differences were also observed in fatigue (97.66 ± 18.92 vs. 17.39 ± 13.71) and vigor (73.23 ± 8.62 vs. 26.48 ± 11.89) as a function of altitude. Upon return to SL, fatigue, vigor, SO2 and SP returned to pre values. This case study demonstrated the POMS was sensitive to worsening patterns in fatigue and vigor at altitude through a practical survey approach combined with daily physiological assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypoxic environment; POMS; athletics; paralympic; baroreflex sensitivity hypoxic environment; POMS; athletics; paralympic; baroreflex sensitivity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sanz-Quinto, S.; Brizuela, G.; López-Grueso, R.; Rice, I.; Moya-Ramón, M. Influence of Training Load on Mood Disturbance at Sea Level and 3900 m Altitude: A Case Study of a Wheelchair Athlete. Sports 2018, 6, 122.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop