Next Article in Journal
The Three-Month Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Body Composition, Blood Parameters, and Performance Metrics in CrossFit Trainees: A Pilot Study
Previous Article in Journal
Team Performance Indicators Explain Outcome during Women’s Basketball Matches at the Olympic Games
Article Menu
Issue 4 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sports 2017, 5(4), 97;

Associations between Thermal and Physiological Responses of Human Body during Exercise

Department of Energy Engineering, Izmir Institute of Technology, 35430 Izmir, Turkey
School of Physical Education and Sports, Ege University, 35100 Izmir, Turkey
Department of Architecture, Izmir Institute of Technology, 35430 Izmir, Turkey
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 12 December 2017 / Accepted: 12 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [449 KB, uploaded 21 December 2017]   |  


In this study, thermal behaviours of the athletes were investigated with respect to thermal comfort and exercise intensity. The relationship between an index for analysing thermal comfort (Predicted Mean Vote: PMV) and Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) which shows exercise intensity and exhaustion level was evaluated. Eleven moderately trained male athletes ( V ˙ O2max 54 ± 9.9 mL∙min−1∙kg−1) had volunteered for the study (age: 22.2 ± 3.7 years; body mass: 73.8 ± 6.9 kg; height: 181 ± 6.3 cm; Body surface area (BSA): 1.93 ± 0.1 m2; body fat: 12.6% ± 4.2%; V ˙ O2max: 54 ± 9.9 mL∙min−1∙kg−1). Experiments were carried out by using a cycle ergometer in an air-conditioned test chamber which provided fresh air and had the ability to control the temperature and relative humidity. The study cohort was divided into two groups according to maximal oxygen consumption levels of the participants. Statistical analyses were conducted with the whole study cohort as well as the two separated groups. There was a moderate correlation between PMV and RPE for whole cohort (r: −0.51). When the whole cohort divided as low and high aerobic power groups, an average correlation coefficient at high oxygen consumption cohort decreased to r: −0.21, while the average correlation coefficient at low oxygen consumption cohort increased to r: −0.77. In conclusion, PMV and RPE have a high correlation in less trained participants, but not in the more trained ones. The case may bring to mind that thermal distribution may be better in high aerobic power group in spite of high RPE and thus the relation between PMV and RPE is affected by exercise performance status. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal comfort; predicted mean vote; exercise; ratings of perceived exertion thermal comfort; predicted mean vote; exercise; ratings of perceived exertion

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zora, S.; Balci, G.A.; Colakoglu, M.; Basaran, T. Associations between Thermal and Physiological Responses of Human Body during Exercise. Sports 2017, 5, 97.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sports EISSN 2075-4663 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top