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Sports 2014, 2(2), 34-50;

Physical Inactivity from the Viewpoint of Evolutionary Medicine

Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 13, Vienna A-1090, Austria
Received: 1 January 2014 / Revised: 5 February 2014 / Accepted: 28 April 2014 / Published: 2 June 2014
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Activity patterns of recent Homo sapiens are characterized by a sedentary life style and consequently by exercise deficiency. This lack of physical activity increases the risk of various chronic non-communicable diseases and reduces health related quality of life. From the perspective of evolutionary medicine, the high rates of non-communicable disease among contemporary industrialized populations may be interpreted as the result of a mismatch between high rates of physical activity in the adaptively relevant (ARE) and sedentary recent life circumstances. Public transport, cars, elevators, supermarkets and internet shopping diminished daily physical activities dramatically, therefore recent Homo sapiens suffer from the consequences of a convenient life style, which is completely new in our evolution and history. The only possibility to increase physical activity and enhance health and well-being is through sporting activities during leisure time. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sports; evolutionary medicine; sedentary life style; health risks physical activity; sports; evolutionary medicine; sedentary life style; health risks
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Kirchengast, S. Physical Inactivity from the Viewpoint of Evolutionary Medicine. Sports 2014, 2, 34-50.

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