Next Article in Journal
Effects of Endurance Exercise Training and Crataegus Extract WS® 1442 in Patients with Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction – A Randomized Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Physical Inactivity from the Viewpoint of Evolutionary Medicine
Open AccessArticle

Acute Effects of Different Formats of Small-Sided and Conditioned Handball Games on Heart Rate Responses in Female Students During PE Classes

1
Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, ESEC, DE, Rua Dom João III, Solum, 3030-329 Coimbra, Portugal
2
Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, RoboCorp, ASSERT, Portugal
3
Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Adress: Estádio Universitário de Coimbra, Pavilhão 3, 3040-156 Coimbra, Portugal
4
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, Convento Santo António, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2014, 2(2), 51-58; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports2020051
Received: 12 February 2014 / Revised: 16 May 2014 / Accepted: 6 June 2014 / Published: 18 June 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of different formats (2-a-side, 3-a-side and 4-a-side) on heart rate responses of female students during small-sided and conditioned handball games. The heart rate responses were measured using heart rate monitors during physical education classes. Eight female students participated in the study (15 ± 0.0 years). The one-way ANOVA showed statistical differences with moderate effect between the three different formats (F(2, 1674) = 86.538; p-value ˂ 0.001; = 0.094; Power = 1.0). The results showed that smaller formats (2-a-side and 3-a-side) increased the heart rate responses of female students during small-sided and conditioned handball games during physical education (PE) classes. The results also suggested that 2-a-side games can be used for anaerobic workouts and the 3-a-side and 4-a-side games can be better used to reach lactate-threshold and for aerobic workouts of high intensity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Handball; heart rate; physical education; small-sided games; task constraints Handball; heart rate; physical education; small-sided games; task constraints
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Clemente, F.M.; Rocha, R.F.; Martins, F.M.L.; Mendes, R.S. Acute Effects of Different Formats of Small-Sided and Conditioned Handball Games on Heart Rate Responses in Female Students During PE Classes. Sports 2014, 2, 51-58. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports2020051

AMA Style

Clemente FM, Rocha RF, Martins FML, Mendes RS. Acute Effects of Different Formats of Small-Sided and Conditioned Handball Games on Heart Rate Responses in Female Students During PE Classes. Sports. 2014; 2(2):51-58. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports2020051

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clemente, Filipe M.; Rocha, Rúben F.; Martins, Fernando M.L.; Mendes, Rui S. 2014. "Acute Effects of Different Formats of Small-Sided and Conditioned Handball Games on Heart Rate Responses in Female Students During PE Classes" Sports 2, no. 2: 51-58. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports2020051

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop