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Review

A Review of the Phenotypic Traits Associated with Insect Dispersal Polymorphism, and Experimental Designs for Sorting out Resident and Disperser Phenotypes

by 1,2
1
Université de Rennes 1, CNRS, ECOBIO (Ecosystèmes, Biodiversité, Évolution) UMR 6553, F-35000 Rennes, France
2
Institut Universitaire de France, 1 Rue Descartes, 75231 Paris CEDEX 05, France
Insects 2020, 11(4), 214; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11040214
Received: 27 January 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 27 March 2020 / Published: 30 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Study of Insect Movement and Foraging Strategies)
Dispersal represents a key life-history trait with several implications for the fitness of organisms, population dynamics and resilience, local adaptation, meta-population dynamics, range shifting, and biological invasions. Plastic and evolutionary changes of dispersal traits have been intensively studied over the past decades in entomology, in particular in wing-dimorphic insects for which literature reviews are available. Importantly, dispersal polymorphism also exists in wing-monomorphic and wingless insects, and except for butterflies, fewer syntheses are available. In this perspective, by integrating the very latest research in the fast moving field of insect dispersal ecology, this review article provides an overview of our current knowledge of dispersal polymorphism in insects. In a first part, some of the most often used experimental methodologies for the separation of dispersers and residents in wing-monomorphic and wingless insects are presented. Then, the existing knowledge on the morphological and life-history trait differences between resident and disperser phenotypes is synthetized. In a last part, the effects of range expansion on dispersal traits and performance is examined, in particular for insects from range edges and invasion fronts. Finally, some research perspectives are proposed in the last part of the review. View Full-Text
Keywords: movement; morphology; reproduction; fecundity; wing-dimorphic; wing-monomorphic; mating; range expansion; life-history; hostile matrix movement; morphology; reproduction; fecundity; wing-dimorphic; wing-monomorphic; mating; range expansion; life-history; hostile matrix
MDPI and ACS Style

Renault, D. A Review of the Phenotypic Traits Associated with Insect Dispersal Polymorphism, and Experimental Designs for Sorting out Resident and Disperser Phenotypes. Insects 2020, 11, 214. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11040214

AMA Style

Renault D. A Review of the Phenotypic Traits Associated with Insect Dispersal Polymorphism, and Experimental Designs for Sorting out Resident and Disperser Phenotypes. Insects. 2020; 11(4):214. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11040214

Chicago/Turabian Style

Renault, David. 2020. "A Review of the Phenotypic Traits Associated with Insect Dispersal Polymorphism, and Experimental Designs for Sorting out Resident and Disperser Phenotypes" Insects 11, no. 4: 214. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11040214

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