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Biological Adaptations Associated with Dehydration in Mosquitoes

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(11), 375; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10110375
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 22 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 28 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vectors and Vector-borne Diseases)
Diseases that are transmitted by mosquitoes are a tremendous health and socioeconomic burden with hundreds of millions of people being impacted by mosquito-borne illnesses annually. Many factors have been implicated and extensively studied in disease transmission dynamics, but knowledge regarding how dehydration impacts mosquito physiology, behavior, and resulting mosquito-borne disease transmission remain underdeveloped. The lapse in understanding on how mosquitoes respond to dehydration stress likely obscures our ability to effectively study mosquito physiology, behavior, and vectorial capabilities. The goal of this review is to develop a profile of factors underlying mosquito biology that are altered by dehydration and the implications that are related to disease transmission. View Full-Text
Keywords: Desiccation; phenotypic plasticity; local adaptation; mosquito-borne disease; vapor pressure; Diptera; Culicidae Desiccation; phenotypic plasticity; local adaptation; mosquito-borne disease; vapor pressure; Diptera; Culicidae
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Holmes, C.J.; Benoit, J.B. Biological Adaptations Associated with Dehydration in Mosquitoes. Insects 2019, 10, 375.

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