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Open AccessArticle

Live Traps for Adult Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs

1
Technology Transfer Center, Fondazione Edmund Mach, I-38010 San Michele all’Adige (TN), Italy
2
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd., PB 4704 Christchurch, New Zealand
3
School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, 1072 Auckland, New Zealand
4
Kallisto, Mt Pleasant, 8081 Christchurch, New Zealand
5
Biotechnology and Biological Control Agency, 00123 Rome, Italy
6
Center of Agriculture, Food and Environment (C3A), University of Trento, I-38010 San Michele all’Adige (TN), Italy
7
Research and Innovation Center, Fondazione Edmund Mach, I-38010 San Michele all’Adige (TN), Italy
8
National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Development (ENEA), 00123 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(11), 376; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10110376
Received: 17 September 2019 / Revised: 13 October 2019 / Accepted: 25 October 2019 / Published: 29 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) and Its Applications)
Surveillance for detection of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is reliant on sticky panels with aggregation pheromone, which are low cost, but very inefficient (est. 3%). Trapping for adults was conducted in Italy with novel live (or lethal) traps consisting of aggregation pheromone-baited cylinders with a wind vane, with the upwind end covered by mesh and the downwind end sealed by a removable entry-only mesh cone, admitting the attracted bugs. The novel traps caught up to 15-times more adult H. halys than identically-baited sticky panels in two weeks of daily checking (n = 6 replicates) (the new live traps were, in Run 1, 5-, 9-, 15-, 13-, 4-, 12-, 2-fold; and in Run 2, 7-, 1-, 3-, 7-, 6-, 6-, and 5-fold better than sticky traps, daily). The maximum catch of the new traps was 96 live adults in one trap in 24 h and the average improvement was ~7-fold compared with sticky panels. The rotating live traps, which exploit a mesh funnel facing the plume downwind that proved useful for collecting adults, could also be used to kill bugs. We expect that commercially-available traps could replace the crude prototypes we constructed quickly from local materials, at low cost, as long as the principles of a suitable plume structure were observed, as we discuss. The traps could be useful for the sterile insect technique, supporting rearing colonies, or to kill bugs.
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Keywords: aggregation pheromone; Halyomorpha halys; trap; lure and kill; sterile insect technique; wild harvest aggregation pheromone; Halyomorpha halys; trap; lure and kill; sterile insect technique; wild harvest
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MDPI and ACS Style

Suckling, D.M.; Levy, M.C.; Roselli, G.; Mazzoni, V.; Ioriatti, C.; Deromedi, M.; Cristofaro, M.; Anfora, G. Live Traps for Adult Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs. Insects 2019, 10, 376.

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