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Open AccessArticle

Numerical Simulation of a Slipper Model with Multi-Lands and Grooves for Hydraulic Piston Pumps and Motors in Mixed Lubrication

College of Design and Manufacturing Technology, Muroran Institute of Technology, Muroran, Hokkaido 050-8585, Japan
Lubricants 2019, 7(7), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants7070055
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 22 June 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 27 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial Tribo-Systems and Future Development Trends)
A theoretical model of a slipper with multi-lands and multi-grooves for swashplate type axial piston pumps and motors was established, including surface interactions. Further, a numerical simulation was conducted under an unsteady state and mixed lubrication conditions. Four model configurations were considered: A slipper with a single main land; a slipper with inner and main lands and a groove; a slipper with outer and main lands and a groove; and a slipper with inner, main, and outer lands with two grooves. Numerical solutions were obtained across a wide range of operating conditions in terms of center clearance, pad attitude, contact pressure, flow rate, friction torque, power loss, and stiffness. The motion and characteristics were differentiated into two groups: Slippers with a single-land and an annex inner-land; and slippers with an annex outer-land and a triple-land. The single-land and annex inner-land slippers exhibited smaller pad swing, whereas the triple-land and annex outer-land slippers reduced contact pressure and power loss. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydraulics; tribology; slipper; multi-land; groove; hybrid bearing; mixed lubrication; piston pump; simulation hydraulics; tribology; slipper; multi-land; groove; hybrid bearing; mixed lubrication; piston pump; simulation
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Kazama, T. Numerical Simulation of a Slipper Model with Multi-Lands and Grooves for Hydraulic Piston Pumps and Motors in Mixed Lubrication. Lubricants 2019, 7, 55.

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