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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Agglomeration Reduction on the Tribological Behavior of WS2 and MoS2 Nanoparticle Additives in the Boundary Lubrication Regime

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
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Lubricants 2018, 6(4), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants6040106
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Lubrication for Energy Efficiency)
This study investigates the impact of different surfactants and dispersion techniques on the friction and wear behavior of WS2 and MoS2 nanoparticles additives in a Polyalphaolefin (PAO) base oil under boundary lubrication conditions. The nanoparticles were dispersed using Oleic acid (OA) and Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) to investigate their impact on particle agglomeration. The size distribution of the dispersed nanoparticles in PAO was measured by dynamic light scattering. The nanoparticles treated using PVP resulted in the most stable particle size. Friction studies showed that nanoparticle agglomeration reduction and the homogeneity of the suspension did not significantly impact the friction reduction behavior of the lubricant. Reciprocating wear experiments showed that, for our test conditions, both WS2 and MoS2 nano additives exhibited maximum wear depth reduction (45%) when using the PVP surface treatment compared to base oil. The wear results confirmed the significance of minimizing agglomeration and promoting high dispersion in promoting favorable wear resistance under boundary lubricant conditions. Analysis of the wear surfaces showed that a tribofilm formation was the primary wear reduction mechanism for WS2 particles treated by PVP while, in the case of MoS2 treated by PVP, the mechanism was load sharing via particles rolling and/or sliding at the interface. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; agglomeration; lubricant additives; boundary lubrication; sliding wear nanoparticles; agglomeration; lubricant additives; boundary lubrication; sliding wear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jazaa, Y.; Lan, T.; Padalkar, S.; Sundararajan, S. The Effect of Agglomeration Reduction on the Tribological Behavior of WS2 and MoS2 Nanoparticle Additives in the Boundary Lubrication Regime. Lubricants 2018, 6, 106.

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