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Article

Distributed Architectures and Constellations for γ-ray Burst Science

1
INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
2
Institute for the Fundamental Physics of the Universe, IFPU, Via Beirut, 2, 34151 Trieste, Italy
3
Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
4
Department of Physics, Technion, Haifa 32000, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Elena Moretti and Francesco Longo
Galaxies 2021, 9(4), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies9040120
Received: 3 November 2021 / Revised: 5 December 2021 / Accepted: 7 December 2021 / Published: 16 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gamma-Ray Burst Science in 2030)
The gravitational wave/γ-ray burst GW/GRB170817 event marked the beginning of the era of multi-messenger astrophysics, in which new observations of Gravitational Waves (GW) are combined with traditional electromagnetic observations from the very same astrophysical source. In the next few years, Advanced LIGO/VIRGO and KAGRA in Japan and LIGO-India will reach their nominal/ultimate sensitivity. In the electromagnetic domain, the Vera C. Rubin Observatory and the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will come online in the next few years, and they will revolutionize the investigation of transient and variable cosmic sources in the optical and TeV bands. The operation of an efficient X-ray/γ-ray all-sky monitor with good localisation capabilities will play a pivotal role in providing the high-energy counterparts of the GW interferometers and Rubin Observatory, bringing multi-messenger astrophysics to maturity. To reach the required precision in localisation and timeliness for an unpredictable physical event in time and space requires a sensor distribution covering the whole sky. We discuss the potential of large-scale, small-platform-distributed architectures and constellations to build a sensitive X-ray/γ-ray all-sky monitor and the programmatic implications of this, including the set-up of an efficient assembly line for both hardware development and data analysis. We also discuss the potential of a constellation of small platforms operating at other wavelengths (UV/IR) that are capable of repointing quickly to follow-up high-energy transients. View Full-Text
Keywords: γ-ray burst; multi-messenger astrophysics; nano-satellites γ-ray burst; multi-messenger astrophysics; nano-satellites
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fiore, F.; Werner, N.; Behar, E. Distributed Architectures and Constellations for γ-ray Burst Science. Galaxies 2021, 9, 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies9040120

AMA Style

Fiore F, Werner N, Behar E. Distributed Architectures and Constellations for γ-ray Burst Science. Galaxies. 2021; 9(4):120. https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies9040120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fiore, Fabrizio, Norbert Werner, and Ehud Behar. 2021. "Distributed Architectures and Constellations for γ-ray Burst Science" Galaxies 9, no. 4: 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies9040120

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