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Flux Distribution of Gamma-Ray Emission in Blazars: The Example of Mrk 501
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On the Connection of Radio and γ-Ray Emission in Blazars

1
Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, GR 15783 Zografos, Greece
2
Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Galaxies 2019, 7(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies7010003
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 21 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Monitoring the Non-Thermal Universe)
Blazars are a sub-category of radio-loud active galactic nuclei with relativistic jets pointing towards to the observer. They are well-known for their non-thermal variable emission, which practically extends over the whole electromagnetic spectrum. Despite the plethora of multi-wavelength observations, the issue about the origin of the γ -ray and radio emission in blazar jets remains unsettled. Here, we construct a parametric leptonic model for studying the connection between the γ -ray and radio emission in both steady-state and flaring states of blazars. Assuming that relativistic electrons are injected continuously at a fixed distance from the black hole, we numerically study the evolution of their population as it propagates to larger distances while losing energy due to expansion and radiative cooling. In this framework, γ -ray photons are naturally produced at small distances (e.g., 10 3 pc) when the electrons are still very energetic, whereas the radio emission is produced at larger distances (e.g., 1 pc), after the electrons have cooled and the emitting region has become optically thin to synchrotron self-absorption due to expansion. We present preliminary results of our numerical investigation for the steady-state jet emission and the predicted time lags between γ -rays and radio during flares. View Full-Text
Keywords: gamma ray emission; radio emission; expansion; radio localization; synchrotron self absorption gamma ray emission; radio emission; expansion; radio localization; synchrotron self absorption
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Boula, S.; Petropoulou, M.; Mastichiadis, A. On the Connection of Radio and γ-Ray Emission in Blazars. Galaxies 2019, 7, 3.

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