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Open AccessArticle

A Theoretical Framework and Conceptual Design for Engaging Children in Therapy at Home—The Design of a Wearable Breathing Trainer

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Interaction Design, Faculty of Engineering Technology, University of Twente, 7522 NB Enschede, The Netherlands
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Human Media Interaction, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Twente, 7522 NB Enschede, The Netherlands
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Hellen van Rees, 7521 BE Enschede, The Netherlands
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Smart Functional Materials, Saxion University of Applied Sciences, 7511 JL Enschede, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Pers. Med. 2019, 9(2), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm9020027
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 20 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable (or Electronic) Devices to Enhance Personalized Medicine)
Wearable technologies are being implemented in the health and medical context with increasing frequency. Such technologies offer valuable opportunities to stimulate self-management in these domains. In this context, engagement plays a crucial role. An engaged patient is a patient who is emotionally involved and committed to the therapy or care process. Particularly for children who have to follow some sort of therapy, engagement is important to ensure a successful outcome of the therapy. To design for engagement, a framework based on theories of motivation in child therapy was developed. This framework was applied to the design of a wearable breathing trainer for children with asthma and dysfunctional breathing. As such, the present paper provides knowledge about the implementation of theory on engagement and motivation in design. Expert and first user evaluations found that the resulting prototype is appealing, perceived as useful, and may engage children in breathing training and stimulate self-management. View Full-Text
Keywords: design for engagement; wearable technology; digital health; interaction design; sensory pleasure; children design for engagement; wearable technology; digital health; interaction design; sensory pleasure; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Siering, L.; Ludden, G.D.; Mader, A.; van Rees, H. A Theoretical Framework and Conceptual Design for Engaging Children in Therapy at Home—The Design of a Wearable Breathing Trainer. J. Pers. Med. 2019, 9, 27.

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