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Article

Depression, Stress, and Suicide in Korean Adults before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey

1
Bundang CHA Medical Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, CHA University, Seongnam 13488, Korea
2
Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14066, Korea
3
Department of Pathology, Hallym Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea
4
Department of Neurosurgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea
5
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Hallym Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea
6
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Pers. Med. 2022, 12(8), 1305; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12081305
Received: 14 July 2022 / Revised: 10 August 2022 / Accepted: 10 August 2022 / Published: 11 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of COVID-19 on Humans: A Study of Sequelae)
This study investigated changes in the prevalence of depression, stress, and suicidal attempts during the COVID-19 pandemic. The ≥19-year-old population in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2019 and 2020 was included. The histories of depression, stress, and suicidal attempts were compared between the 2019 and 2020 cohorts using multiple logistic regression analysis with complex sampling. The prevalence of depression was not significantly different between the 2019 and 2020 groups (4.1% vs. 4.5%, p = 0.326). The prevalence of stress and suicide attempts was also not significantly different between groups (all p > 0.05). The rates of depression, stress, and suicide attempts were not associated with the 2020 group compared to the 2019 group (all p > 0.05). The 19- to 39-year-old group in the 2020 group indicated a higher rate of depression (diagnosed by physicians) than the 19- to 39-year-old group in the 2019 group (adjusted odds ratio = 1.58, 95% confidence intervals = 1.00–2.50, p = 0.049). The risks of depression, stress, and suicidal attempts were not related to the COVID-19 pandemic in Korean adults. A young adult population demonstrated an increased risk of depression associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; COVID-19; risk factors; cohort studies; epidemiology depression; COVID-19; risk factors; cohort studies; epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S.Y.; Yoo, D.M.; Kwon, M.J.; Kim, J.H.; Kim, J.-H.; Wee, J.H.; Choi, H.G. Depression, Stress, and Suicide in Korean Adults before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. J. Pers. Med. 2022, 12, 1305. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12081305

AMA Style

Kim SY, Yoo DM, Kwon MJ, Kim JH, Kim J-H, Wee JH, Choi HG. Depression, Stress, and Suicide in Korean Adults before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2022; 12(8):1305. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12081305

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, So Young, Dae Myoung Yoo, Mi Jung Kwon, Ji Hee Kim, Joo-Hee Kim, Jee Hye Wee, and Hyo Geun Choi. 2022. "Depression, Stress, and Suicide in Korean Adults before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey" Journal of Personalized Medicine 12, no. 8: 1305. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12081305

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