Objective: In this study, we aim to present a single institution’s 25-year experience of employing a comprehensive multidisciplinary team-based surgical approach for treating patients with NF-1. Summary Background Data: All patients (n
= 106) with a confirmed diagnosis of NF-1 who were treated using a multidisciplinary surgical treatment algorithm at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1994 and 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were categorized into groups according to the anatomy involved (craniofacial and noncraniofacial groups) and the type of clinical presentation (plexiform and cutaneous neurofibromas groups) for comparative analysis. Methods: The number of surgical interventions and number of specialists involved in surgical care were assessed. Results: Most of the patients exhibited craniofacial involvement (69.8%) and a plexiform type of NF-1 (58.5%), as confirmed through histology. A total of 332 surgical interventions (3.1 ± 3.1 procedures per patient) were performed. The number of specialists involved in surgical care of the included patients was 11 (1.6 ± 0.8 specialists per patient). Most of the patients (62.3%) underwent two or more surgical interventions, and 40.6% of the patients received treatment from two or more specialists. No significant differences were observed between the craniofacial and noncraniofacial groups in terms of the average number of surgical interventions (3.3 ± 3.2 vs. 2.7 ± 2.7, respectively) and number of specialists involved (1.7 ± 0.9 vs. 1.4 ± 0.6). Patients with plexiform craniofacial involvement underwent a significantly higher average number of surgical interventions (4.3 ± 3.6 vs. 1.6 ± 1.1; p
< 0.001) and received treatment by more specialists (1.9 ± 0.9 vs. 1.2 ± 0.5; p
< 0.001) compared with those having cutaneous craniofacial involvement. Conclusions: In light of the potential benefits of employing the multidisciplinary team-based surgical approach demonstrated in this study, such an approach should be adopted to provide comprehensive individualized care to patients with NF-1.
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