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Neuroblastoma and DIPG Organoid Coculture System for Personalized Assessment of Novel Anticancer Immunotherapies

Princess Máxima Center for Paediatric Oncology, Heidelberglaan 25, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Academic Editor: Theodora Katsila
J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11(9), 869; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090869
Received: 19 August 2021 / Accepted: 25 August 2021 / Published: 30 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Methodology, Drug and Device Discovery)
Cancer immunotherapy has transformed the landscape of adult cancer treatment and holds a great promise to treat paediatric malignancies. However, in vitro test coculture systems to evaluate the efficacy of immunotherapies on representative paediatric tumour models are lacking. Here, we describe a detailed procedure for the establishment of an ex vivo test coculture system of paediatric tumour organoids and immune cells that enables assessment of different immunotherapy approaches in paediatric tumour organoids. We provide a step-by-step protocol for an efficient generation of patient-derived diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) and neuroblastoma organoids stably expressing eGFP-ffLuc transgenes using defined serum-free medium. In contrast to the chromium-release assay, the new platform allows for visualization, monitoring and robust quantification of tumour organoid cell cytotoxicity using a non-radioactive assay in real-time. To evaluate the utility of this system for drug testing in the paediatric immuno-oncology field, we tested our in vitro assay using a clinically used immunotherapy strategy for children with high-risk neuroblastoma, dinutuximab (anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody), on GD2 proficient and deficient patient-derived neuroblastoma organoids. We demonstrated the feasibility and sensitivity of our ex vivo coculture system using human immune cells and paediatric tumour organoids as ex vivo tumour models. Our study provides a novel platform for personalized testing of potential anticancer immunotherapies for aggressive paediatric cancers such as neuroblastoma and DIPG. View Full-Text
Keywords: neuroblastoma; diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG); paediatric cancer organoids; coculture system; cancer immunotherapy neuroblastoma; diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG); paediatric cancer organoids; coculture system; cancer immunotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

M. Kholosy, W.; Derieppe, M.; van den Ham, F.; Ober, K.; Su, Y.; Custers, L.; Schild, L.; M. J. van Zogchel, L.; M. Wellens, L.; R. Ariese, H.; Szanto, C.L.; Wienke, J.; Dierselhuis, M.P.; van Vuurden, D.; Dolman, E.M.; Molenaar, J.J. Neuroblastoma and DIPG Organoid Coculture System for Personalized Assessment of Novel Anticancer Immunotherapies. J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 869. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090869

AMA Style

M. Kholosy W, Derieppe M, van den Ham F, Ober K, Su Y, Custers L, Schild L, M. J. van Zogchel L, M. Wellens L, R. Ariese H, Szanto CL, Wienke J, Dierselhuis MP, van Vuurden D, Dolman EM, Molenaar JJ. Neuroblastoma and DIPG Organoid Coculture System for Personalized Assessment of Novel Anticancer Immunotherapies. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2021; 11(9):869. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090869

Chicago/Turabian Style

M. Kholosy, Waleed, Marc Derieppe, Femke van den Ham, Kim Ober, Yan Su, Lars Custers, Linda Schild, Lieke M. J. van Zogchel, Lianne M. Wellens, Hendrikus R. Ariese, Celina L. Szanto, Judith Wienke, Miranda P. Dierselhuis, Dannis van Vuurden, Emmy M. Dolman, and Jan J. Molenaar 2021. "Neuroblastoma and DIPG Organoid Coculture System for Personalized Assessment of Novel Anticancer Immunotherapies" Journal of Personalized Medicine 11, no. 9: 869. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090869

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