Next Article in Journal
Disseminated Bartonella henselae Infection Visualized by [18F]FDG-PET/CT and MRI
Next Article in Special Issue
Current Diabetes Technology: Striving for the Artificial Pancreas
Previous Article in Journal
A Brief Overview of Medical Fiber Optic Biosensors and Techniques in the Modification for Enhanced Sensing Ability
Previous Article in Special Issue
Subcutaneous and Mediastinal Emphysema Followed by Group A Beta-Hemolytic Streptococci Mediastinitis. A Complicated Course after Adenotonsillectomy: Case Report
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Diagnostics 2019, 9(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9010024

Clinicopathological Spectrum of Bilirubin Encephalopathy/Kernicterus

1
Division of Neuropathology, University of Alberta and Stollery Children’s Hospital, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
2
Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2019 / Revised: 17 February 2019 / Accepted: 25 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Management of Pediatric Diseases)
  |  
PDF [2074 KB, uploaded 1 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Bilirubin encephalopathy/kernicterus is relatively rare, but continues to occur despite universal newborn screening. What is more interesting is the spectrum of clinical and even neuropathological findings that have been reported in the literature to be associated with bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus. In this review, the authors discuss the array of clinicopathological findings reported in the context of bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus, as well as the types of diagnostic testing used in patients suspected of having bilirubin encephalopathy or kernicterus. The authors aim to raise the awareness of these features among both pediatric neurologists and neuropathologists. View Full-Text
Keywords: bilirubin encephalopathy; kernicterus; neurological symptoms; diagnosis; neuropathology bilirubin encephalopathy; kernicterus; neurological symptoms; diagnosis; neuropathology
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Das, S.; van Landeghem, F.K. Clinicopathological Spectrum of Bilirubin Encephalopathy/Kernicterus. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 24.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Diagnostics EISSN 2075-4418 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top