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Diagnostics 2018, 8(4), 85;

Anthropomorphic Breast and Head Phantoms for Microwave Imaging

Group of Electrical Engineering, Paris (GeePs: CNRS—CentraleSupélec—Université Paris-Sud—Sorbonne Université), 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Laboratoire des Signaux et Systèmes (L2S, UMR 8506: CNRS—CentraleSupélec—Université Paris-Sud), 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Current address: Laboratoire Morphodynamique Continentale et Côtière (M2C, UMR6143: CNRS, Université Caen Normandie, Université Rouen Normandie), 14000 Caen, France.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 12 December 2018 / Published: 18 December 2018
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This paper deals with breast and head phantoms fabricated from 3D-printed structures and liquid mixtures whose complex permittivities are close to that of the biological tissues within a large frequency band. The goal is to enable an easy and safe manufacturing of stable-in-time detailed anthropomorphic phantoms dedicated to the test of microwave imaging systems to assess the performances of the latter in realistic configurations before a possible clinical application to breast cancer imaging or brain stroke monitoring. The structure of the breast phantom has already been used by several laboratories to test their measurement systems in the framework of the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action TD1301-MiMed. As for the tissue mimicking liquid mixtures, they are based upon Triton X-100 and salted water. It has been proven that such mixtures can dielectrically mimic the various breast tissues. It is shown herein that they can also accurately mimic most of the head tissues and that, given a binary fluid mixture model, the respective concentrations of the various constituents needed to mimic a particular tissue can be predetermined by means of a standard minimization method. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave imaging; breast cancer detection; brain stroke monitoring; dielectric characterization; UWB breast and head phantoms microwave imaging; breast cancer detection; brain stroke monitoring; dielectric characterization; UWB breast and head phantoms

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Joachimowicz, N.; Duchêne, B.; Conessa, C.; Meyer, O. Anthropomorphic Breast and Head Phantoms for Microwave Imaging. Diagnostics 2018, 8, 85.

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