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Article

Ultrasound Imaging of Crural Fascia and Epimysial Fascia Thicknesses in Basketball Players with Previous Ankle Sprains Versus Healthy Subjects

1
Department of Neurosciences, Institute of Human Anatomy, University of Padua, 35121 Padua, Italy
2
RUSK Rehabilitation, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ingrid Moller
Diagnostics 2021, 11(2), 177; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020177
Received: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 26 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Skeletal Muscle Diagnostics and Managements)
Background: Fascial layers may play an important role in locomotor mechanics. Recent researches have revealed an association between increases of fascia thickness and reduced joint flexibility in patients with chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare, through the use of ultrasound imaging, the thickness of the deep/crural fascia in different points of the leg as well as the epimysial fascia thickness at level 2 of anterior compartment of leg, in male basketball players with history of recurrent ankle sprain and in healthy participants. Methods: A cross-sectional study has been performed using ultrasound imaging to measure deep/crural fascia thickness of anterior, lateral and posterior compartment of the leg at different levels with a new protocol in a sample of 30 subjects, 15 basketball players and 15 healthy participants. Results: Findings of fascial thickness revealed statistically significant differences (p < 0.01) in epimysial fascia thickness and in deep/crural fascia thickness between levels/compartments of the same group and between two groups. Moreover, Post 3 deep/crural fascia thicknesses (p < 0.001) were decreased showing statistically significant difference for the basketball players group respect the healthy participants group. Conclusions: These findings suggested that the posterior compartment was thicker than anterior compartment, probably due to a postural reason in both groups. Moreover, they showed an increase of thickness of the epimysial fascia in basketball players with previous ankle sprains. This variability underlines the importance to assess the fasciae and to make results comparable. View Full-Text
Keywords: connective tissue; fascia; basketball sport; Muscle-skeletal Ultrasound; Y-balance test; ankle sprain connective tissue; fascia; basketball sport; Muscle-skeletal Ultrasound; Y-balance test; ankle sprain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pirri, C.; Fede, C.; Stecco, A.; Guidolin, D.; Fan, C.; De Caro, R.; Stecco, C. Ultrasound Imaging of Crural Fascia and Epimysial Fascia Thicknesses in Basketball Players with Previous Ankle Sprains Versus Healthy Subjects. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 177. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020177

AMA Style

Pirri C, Fede C, Stecco A, Guidolin D, Fan C, De Caro R, Stecco C. Ultrasound Imaging of Crural Fascia and Epimysial Fascia Thicknesses in Basketball Players with Previous Ankle Sprains Versus Healthy Subjects. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(2):177. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020177

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pirri, Carmelo, Caterina Fede, Antonio Stecco, Diego Guidolin, Chenglei Fan, Raffaele De Caro, and Carla Stecco. 2021. "Ultrasound Imaging of Crural Fascia and Epimysial Fascia Thicknesses in Basketball Players with Previous Ankle Sprains Versus Healthy Subjects" Diagnostics 11, no. 2: 177. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020177

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