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Open AccessArticle

The Nitrogen Stress-Repressed sRNA NsrR1 Regulates Expression of all1871, a Gene Required for Diazotrophic Growth in Nostoc sp. PCC 7120

Instituto de Bioquímica Vegetal y Fotosíntesis, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad de Sevilla, 41092 Sevilla, Spain
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Life 2020, 10(5), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10050054
Received: 25 March 2020 / Revised: 26 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 29 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellular and Molecular Strategies in Cyanobacterial Survival)
Small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) are post-transcriptional regulators of bacterial gene expression. In cyanobacteria, the responses to nitrogen availability, that are mostly controlled at the transcriptional level by NtcA, involve also at least two small RNAs, namely NsiR4 (nitrogen stress-induced RNA 4) and NsrR1 (nitrogen stress-repressed RNA 1). Prediction of possible mRNA targets regulated by NsrR1 in Nostoc sp. PCC 7120 allowed, in addition to previously described nblA, the identification of all1871, a nitrogen-regulated gene encoding a protein of unknown function that we describe here as required for growth at the expense of atmospheric nitrogen (N2). We show that transcription of all1871 is induced upon nitrogen step-down independently of NtcA. All1871 accumulation is repressed by NsrR1 and its expression is stronger in heterocysts, specialized cells devoted to N2 fixation. We demonstrate specific interaction between NsrR1 and the 5′ untranslated region (UTR) of the all1871 mRNA, that leads to decreased expression of all1871. Because transcription of NsrR1 is partially repressed by NtcA, post-transcriptional regulation by NsrR1 would constitute an indirect way of NtcA-mediated regulation of all1871. View Full-Text
Keywords: regulatory RNA; cyanobacteria; post-transcriptional regulation; heterocyst regulatory RNA; cyanobacteria; post-transcriptional regulation; heterocyst
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Álvarez-Escribano, I.; Brenes-Álvarez, M.; Olmedo-Verd, E.; Vioque, A.; Muro-Pastor, A.M. The Nitrogen Stress-Repressed sRNA NsrR1 Regulates Expression of all1871, a Gene Required for Diazotrophic Growth in Nostoc sp. PCC 7120. Life 2020, 10, 54.

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