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Review

Effects of Resistance Exercise on Balance Ability: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

by 1,2,3,4,* and 1,4
1
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Primorska, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
2
Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behavior, S2P, Science to Practice, Ltd., 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
InnoRenew CoE, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
4
Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, 6000 Koper, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Life 2020, 10(11), 284; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10110284
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 13 November 2020 / Published: 15 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Biomechanics and Physiology)
With this systematic review, we explored whether resistance exercise (RE) could be used to improve balance in addition to muscular strength and power. Scientific databases were searched for randomized controlled trials that investigated the effects of RE on the performance of various balance tests. Studies were considered if they involved healthy participants of any age group. Thirteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed moderate to large improvements in balance ability following RE in older adults, as reflected in functional reach test (mean difference (MD): +4.22 cm, p < 0.001), single-leg standing test (MD: +1.9–37.6 s, p < 0.001) and timed-up-and-go test (MD: −0.55 s; p = 0.002). Moderate to large improvements following RE were seen in adults in star excursion balance test (MD: +4.09–5.17 cm; p = 0.001–0.020), but not for Y-balance test score (MD: +4.94%, p = 0.14). The results implicate that RE interventions may significantly improve balance ability in adults and older adults. Therefore, RE could be used to improve balance in these populations, while further studies are needed to investigate children populations. Performing RE alone could be a time-efficient compromise for individuals who are unwilling or unable to perform large volumes of exercise or different exercise modalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: balance; postural control; strength training; resistance exercise; health balance; postural control; strength training; resistance exercise; health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Šarabon, N.; Kozinc, Ž. Effects of Resistance Exercise on Balance Ability: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Life 2020, 10, 284. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10110284

AMA Style

Šarabon N, Kozinc Ž. Effects of Resistance Exercise on Balance Ability: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Life. 2020; 10(11):284. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10110284

Chicago/Turabian Style

Šarabon, Nejc, and Žiga Kozinc. 2020. "Effects of Resistance Exercise on Balance Ability: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials" Life 10, no. 11: 284. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10110284

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