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The Application of Next-Generation Sequencing to Define Factors Related to Oral Cancer and Discover Novel Biomarkers

Department of Oral Anatomy and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 03968, Korea
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Life 2020, 10(10), 228; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10100228
Received: 24 August 2020 / Revised: 30 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 September 2020 / Published: 2 October 2020
Despite the introduction of next-generation sequencing in the realm of DNA sequencing technology, it is not often used in the investigation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Oral cancer is one of the most frequently occurring malignancies in some parts of the world and has a high mortality rate. Patients with this malignancy are likely to have a poor prognosis and may suffer from severe facial deformity or mastication problems even after successful treatment. Therefore, a thorough understanding of this malignancy is essential to prevent and treat it. This review sought to highlight the contributions of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in unveiling the genetic alterations and differential expressions of miRNAs involved in OSCC progression. By applying an appropriate eligibility criterion, we selected relevant studies for review. Frequently identified mutations in genes such as TP53, NOTCH1, and PIK3CA are discussed. The findings of existing miRNAs (e.g., miR-21) as well as novel discoveries pertaining to OSCC are also covered. Lastly, we briefly mention the latest findings in targeted gene therapy and the potential use of miRNAs as biomarkers. Our goal is to encourage researchers to further adopt NGS in their studies and give an overview of the latest findings of OSCC treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: OSCC; next-generation sequencing; biomarker; targeted therapy OSCC; next-generation sequencing; biomarker; targeted therapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S.; Lee, J.W.; Park, Y.-S. The Application of Next-Generation Sequencing to Define Factors Related to Oral Cancer and Discover Novel Biomarkers. Life 2020, 10, 228. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10100228

AMA Style

Kim S, Lee JW, Park Y-S. The Application of Next-Generation Sequencing to Define Factors Related to Oral Cancer and Discover Novel Biomarkers. Life. 2020; 10(10):228. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10100228

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Soyeon, Joo W. Lee, and Young-Seok Park. 2020. "The Application of Next-Generation Sequencing to Define Factors Related to Oral Cancer and Discover Novel Biomarkers" Life 10, no. 10: 228. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10100228

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