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Open AccessCase Report

Environmental and Business Challenges Presented by Mining and Mineral Processing Waste in the Russian Federation

1
Faculty of Economics, Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg 199106, Russia
2
LLC Corporation “Mayak”, Yekaterinburg 620034, Russia
3
Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems, Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity 184209, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(7), 445; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9070445
Received: 4 June 2019 / Revised: 16 July 2019 / Accepted: 17 July 2019 / Published: 19 July 2019
Using Murmansk Region, one of Russia’s largest mining regions, as a case study, this paper examines the environmental safety challenges arising in the storage of mining and mineral processing waste (MMPW). It was found that MMPW causes environmental damage even after the deposit’s exhaustion. While being stored, the MMPW composition experiences a major change in the process properties of the recoverable minerals. As a consequence, the potential value of the MMPW as a mineral resource falls. Imperfections of the regulatory framework, leading to a higher unit cost of recovery and a reduced profitability of MMPW processing, are demonstrated. Potential amendments to the Russian laws are proposed in order to make MMPW processing commercially more viable. View Full-Text
Keywords: mining and mineral processing waste (MMPW); anthropogenic mineral resources (AMR); long-term storage; supergene processes; environmental damage; loss and lost profits; AMR processing mining and mineral processing waste (MMPW); anthropogenic mineral resources (AMR); long-term storage; supergene processes; environmental damage; loss and lost profits; AMR processing
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Nevskaya, M.A.; Seleznev, S.G.; Masloboev, V.A.; Klyuchnikova, E.M.; Makarov, D.V. Environmental and Business Challenges Presented by Mining and Mineral Processing Waste in the Russian Federation. Minerals 2019, 9, 445.

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