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Open AccessArticle

The High-Pressure Structural Evolution of Olivine along the Forsterite–Fayalite Join

1
Department of Geosciences, University of Padova, Via G. Gradenigo 6, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, Via A. Ferrata 1, 27100 Pavia, Italy
3
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, 2200 Colorado Ave, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
4
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Milan, Via Botticelli 23, 20133 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(12), 790; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9120790
Received: 7 November 2019 / Revised: 3 December 2019 / Accepted: 11 December 2019 / Published: 14 December 2019
Structural refinements from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data are reported for olivine with a composition of Fo100 (forsterite Mg2SiO4, synthetic), Fo80 and Fo62 (~Mg1.6Fe0.4SiO4 and ~Mg1.24Fe0.76SiO4, both natural) at room temperature and high pressure to ~8 GPa. The new results, along with data from the literature on Fo0 (fayalite Fe2SiO4), were used to investigate the previously reported structural mechanisms which caused small variations of olivine bulk modulus with increasing Fe content. For all the investigated compositions, the M2 crystallographic site, with its bonding configuration and its larger polyhedral volume, was observed to control the compression mechanisms in olivine. From Fo100 to Fo0, the compression rates for M2–O and M1–O bond lengths were observed to control the relative polyhedral volumes, resulting in a less-compressible M1O6 polyhedral volume, likely causing the slight increase in bulk modulus with increasing Fe content. View Full-Text
Keywords: olivine; forsterite; fayalite; crystal structure; high pressure; X-ray diffraction olivine; forsterite; fayalite; crystal structure; high pressure; X-ray diffraction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pamato, M.G.; Nestola, F.; Novella, D.; Smyth, J.R.; Pasqual, D.; Gatta, G.D.; Alvaro, M.; Secco, L. The High-Pressure Structural Evolution of Olivine along the Forsterite–Fayalite Join. Minerals 2019, 9, 790.

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