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Minerals 2018, 8(3), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8030106

Trends in Structure and Thermodynamic Properties of Normal Rare Earth Carbonates and Rare Earth Hydroxycarbonates

1
Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Rutgers—The State University of New Jersey, 607 Taylor Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
2
OLI Systems, Inc., 240 Cedar Knolls Road, Suite 301, Cedar Knolls, NJ 07927, USA
3
Peter A. Rock Thermochemistry Laboratory and NEAT ORU, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2018 / Revised: 22 February 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 7 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rare-Earth Carbonates)
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Abstract

A general overview of the trends in structural and thermodynamic properties that have been identified within the hydrated normal rare earth carbonates and the rare earth hydroxycarbonates is presented. Based upon available literature, we demonstrate the trends in crystallographic unit cell parameters, thermal stability, aqueous solubility, and thermochemical properties. These trends can be attributed to both the unique chemistry and strong similarity of the rare earth elements. There are also inconsistent trends that signal research needs to better understand the structure–energy relationships of the rare earth carbonates. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermodynamic properties; rare-earth carbonates; property correlations; normal carbonates; hydroxycarbonates thermodynamic properties; rare-earth carbonates; property correlations; normal carbonates; hydroxycarbonates
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Kim, P.; Anderko, A.; Navrotsky, A.; Riman, R.E. Trends in Structure and Thermodynamic Properties of Normal Rare Earth Carbonates and Rare Earth Hydroxycarbonates. Minerals 2018, 8, 106.

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