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The Long-Term Effect of Industrial Waste Landfill on Surface Water. An Example from Central Poland

Institute of General and Ecological Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, 166 Żeromskiego Str., 90-924 Łódź, Poland
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Academic Editor: Alakendra N. Roychoudhury
Minerals 2021, 11(8), 861; https://doi.org/10.3390/min11080861
Received: 12 May 2021 / Revised: 2 August 2021 / Accepted: 6 August 2021 / Published: 10 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trace Metal Distribution and Cycling in Aquatic Environments)
Water resources are influenced by many anthropogenic pollutants, which may migrate into the environment. The Bzura River is one of the rivers strongly impacted by human activity e.g., waste landfills and former industrial plants. The objective of this study was to assess the spatial-temporal variability of trace metals in river water and sediments and to recognize the main sources of pollution. An investigation was carried out on the 120 km section, during two hydrological years. Concentrations of Ni, Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn, Fe, and Mn were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The basic statistics were supported by principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA). Generally, only part of the results exceeded the WHO, USEPA, and Polish threshold values. However, one hotspot burdened by nickel was found. The spatial trend of Ni indicates long-distance migration. The PCA and CA confirmed that the Ni mainly comes from the old industrial waste landfill. Variability of the remaining metals was affected by more mixed sources. None of the metals showed any consistent temporal pattern. The PCA revealed that the anthropogenic factor explained over 50% of the variability in both years; therefore, intensive monitoring of the water river quality is still required. View Full-Text
Keywords: trace metals; heavy metals migration; river pollution; waste landfill; environmental pollutants trace metals; heavy metals migration; river pollution; waste landfill; environmental pollutants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wieczorek, K.; Turek, A.; Kubicki, J.; Wolf, W.M. The Long-Term Effect of Industrial Waste Landfill on Surface Water. An Example from Central Poland. Minerals 2021, 11, 861. https://doi.org/10.3390/min11080861

AMA Style

Wieczorek K, Turek A, Kubicki J, Wolf WM. The Long-Term Effect of Industrial Waste Landfill on Surface Water. An Example from Central Poland. Minerals. 2021; 11(8):861. https://doi.org/10.3390/min11080861

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wieczorek, Kinga, Anna Turek, Jakub Kubicki, and Wojciech M. Wolf 2021. "The Long-Term Effect of Industrial Waste Landfill on Surface Water. An Example from Central Poland" Minerals 11, no. 8: 861. https://doi.org/10.3390/min11080861

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