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Reutilization Prospects of Diamond Clay Tailings at the Lomonosov Mine, Northwestern Russia

Department of Geoecology, Saint Petersburg Mining University, 199106 Saint Petersburg, Russia
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Minerals 2020, 10(6), 517; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10060517
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 2 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reutilization and Valorization of Mine Waste)
Approaches to reutilization of diamond clay tailings in northern environments are considered in the example of the Subarctic region of Russia. The monitoring studies are conducted at storage facilities of Severalmaz PJSC where ca. 14 million cubic meters of waste rock are produced annually after kimberlite mining and processing. The tailings of diamond ore dressing waste are situated in complex geological conditions of high-groundwater influx and harsh cold climate with low levels of solar radiation and the average annual temperature below freezing point. Furthermore, the adjoining protected forests with a significant diversity of biogeocenoses and salmon-spawning rivers are affected by the storage area. Reducing the impact of the tailings can be achieved through the reuse of the stored clay magnesia rocks obtained from saponite-containing suspension. The experiments reveal the most promising ways of their application as potential secondary mineral raw materials: cement clinker and ceramics manufacture, integration of alkaline clay into the reclamation of acidic peat bogs, and production of aqueous clay-based drilling fluid. Field and laboratory tests expose the advantages and prospects of each suggested treatment technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: saponite; waste recycling; eco-friendly reuse; land reclamation; deacidification; Histosols; Technosols; drilling mud saponite; waste recycling; eco-friendly reuse; land reclamation; deacidification; Histosols; Technosols; drilling mud
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Pashkevich, M.A.; Alekseenko, A.V. Reutilization Prospects of Diamond Clay Tailings at the Lomonosov Mine, Northwestern Russia. Minerals 2020, 10, 517.

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