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Open AccessArticle

Recovery of Copper from Leached Tailing Solutions by Biosorption

Department of Chemical and Mineral Process Engineering, Universidad de Antofagasta, Avenida Universidad de Antofagasta 02800, Antofagasta 1240000, Chile
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Minerals 2020, 10(2), 158; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10020158
Received: 6 January 2020 / Revised: 27 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosorption and Biomineralization in Metal Removal)
Due to the progressive fall of the ore grades and the increasingly refractory composition of minerals, concentrating plants have increased which has led to an increase in the generation of tailings. Tailings, especially those obtained in the past, have remaining copper and other valuable species in quantities that can potentially be recovered, such as gold, silver, vanadium, and rare earth elements which transforms this abundant waste into a potential source of precious or strategic metals for secondary mining. One of the techniques of solid–liquid separation that processes solutions with low concentrations of metals corresponds to adsorption, and more recently biosorption, which is based on the use of biological matrices that do not constitute an environmental liability after application. Biosorption occurs as a consequence of the wide variety of active functional groups present in different types of biomass. Bacterial, fungal, plant, and algal biomasses have been described as biosorbents, mainly for the treatment of diluted and simple solutions. This work aims to recover copper from leached tailings using biomass of the red algae Gracilaria chilensis as a biosorbent. The tailing samples were taken from an abandoned deposit, in the north of Chile, and after an acid leaching copper was biosorbed, kinetics of adsorption and the equilibrium isotherms were studied, applying the Freundlich and Langmuir models. Operational parameters such as adsorbent dose, pH, and initial metal concentration were studied.
Keywords: biosorption; copper; algae; tailings; mine waste biosorption; copper; algae; tailings; mine waste
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cortés, S.; Soto, E.E.; Ordóñez, J.I. Recovery of Copper from Leached Tailing Solutions by Biosorption. Minerals 2020, 10, 158.

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