Next Article in Journal
Production of Vanadium Concentrate from a Small-Scale Lead Vanadate Deposit by Gravity Concentration: A Pilot Plant Study
Previous Article in Journal
Economic and Socio-Environmental Benefits of Dry Beneficiation of Magnetite Ores
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring Offshore Sediment Evidence of the 1755 CE Tsunami (Faro, Portugal): Implications for the Study of Outer Shelf Tsunami Deposits
Article

The Origin and Evolution of Late Holocene Tsunamiites in the Doñana National Park (SW Spain): Trace Elements as Geochemical Proxies

1
Departamento de Geología y Geoquímica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Avda. Francisco Tomas y Valiente 7, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad de Huelva, Avda. Tres de Marzo, s/n, 21071 Huelva, Spain
3
Centro de Investigación en Patrimonio Histórico, Cultural y Natural (CIPHCN), Universidad de Huelva, Facultad de Humanidades, Avda. Tres de Marzo s/n, 21071 Huelva, Spain
4
Departamento de Cristalografía, Mineralogía y Química Agrícola, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Profesor García González 1, 41012 Sevilla, Spain
5
Departamento de Biología y Geología, Física y Química Inorgánica, ESCET, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28933 Móstoles, Spain
6
Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de la, Universidad de Atacama (IDICTEC-UDA), Avenida Copayapu, 485, 1532297 Copiapó, Chile
7
Departamento de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Profesor García González 1, 41012 Sevilla, Spain
8
Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Nucleares (C2TN), Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Estrada Nacional 10 (k 139.7), 2695-066 Bobadela LRS, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2020, 10(11), 956; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10110956
Received: 2 September 2020 / Revised: 17 October 2020 / Accepted: 24 October 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
The elemental content—mainly trace elements—of samples from two boreholes (PLN, CM) with evidence of tsunamiites, located in the Doñana National Park (SW Spain), were studied. The geochemical variations of the REE, LILE, HFSE, and other elements (Al, Ti, S, Na, Br, Sc, Co, Cr) were interpreted according to the mineralogy present in the samples. The results obtained show the geochemical complexity of the estuarine paleoenvironments, in this case with the existence of three Holocene-age tsunamigenic deposits (around 4.25, 3.56 and 2.2–2 kyr BP). The statistical analysis of the samples’ geochemistry, by means of linear correlation and factor analysis, made it possible to differentiate two associations. The first is representative of an inherited mineralogy (REE-Y-Rb-Sr-Cs-Th-U-Hf-Al-Ti-Co-Cr-Sc); the second includes elements (Br-Na) linked to mineral formation under evaporite conditions (halite). The trace element geochemistry of sediments thus becomes an excellent tool to identify tsunamiites in the studied zone, especially those elements that are clear proxies for marine incursions (Na, Br, Sr) and high energy events (Hf, Ti). The parent area of the provenance of the materials is mainly of felsic composition. View Full-Text
Keywords: tsunamiite; geochemical proxies; trace elements; statistical analysis; Holocene; estuary environment tsunamiite; geochemical proxies; trace elements; statistical analysis; Holocene; estuary environment
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pozo, M.; Ruiz, F.; González-Regalado, M.L.; Carretero, M.I.; Monge, G.; Rodríguez Vidal, J.; Cáceres, L.M.; Abad, M.; Tosquella, J.; Izquierdo, T.; Muñoz, J.M.; Prudencio, M.I.; Dias, M.I.; Marques, R.; Gómez, P.; Toscano, A.; Romero, V.; Arroyo, M. The Origin and Evolution of Late Holocene Tsunamiites in the Doñana National Park (SW Spain): Trace Elements as Geochemical Proxies. Minerals 2020, 10, 956. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10110956

AMA Style

Pozo M, Ruiz F, González-Regalado ML, Carretero MI, Monge G, Rodríguez Vidal J, Cáceres LM, Abad M, Tosquella J, Izquierdo T, Muñoz JM, Prudencio MI, Dias MI, Marques R, Gómez P, Toscano A, Romero V, Arroyo M. The Origin and Evolution of Late Holocene Tsunamiites in the Doñana National Park (SW Spain): Trace Elements as Geochemical Proxies. Minerals. 2020; 10(11):956. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10110956

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pozo, Manuel, Francisco Ruiz, María L. González-Regalado, María I. Carretero, Guadalupe Monge, Joaquín Rodríguez Vidal, Luis M. Cáceres, Manuel Abad, Josep Tosquella, Tatiana Izquierdo, Juan M. Muñoz, María I. Prudencio, María I. Dias, Rosa Marques, Paula Gómez, Antonio Toscano, Verónica Romero, and Marta Arroyo. 2020. "The Origin and Evolution of Late Holocene Tsunamiites in the Doñana National Park (SW Spain): Trace Elements as Geochemical Proxies" Minerals 10, no. 11: 956. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10110956

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop