Since contamination of soil with cobalt disturbs the soil's biological balance, various types of compounds are being sought that could be used to restore the homeostasis of contaminated soil. The aim of the study was to determine the use of a Bio.Zeo.S.01 zeolite and molecular sieve in restoring the microbiological and biochemical balance of soil contaminated with cobalt. Soil samples were contaminated with cobalt (CoCl2·6H2O) at 0, 20, 80 mg·kg−1, and a Bio.Zeo.S.01 zeolite and molecular sieve were introduced at 0 and 15 g·kg−1. The soils on which the experiment was conducted were loamy sand and sandy clay loam. The experiment was carried out in two series on soil with and without a crop sown in it. The multiplication of microorganisms and the soil enzymes’ activity were determined on days 25 and 50 (harvest) of the experiment, and the yield of the underground and above-ground parts of maize and chemical and physical properties of soil were determined on the day of harvest. It was found that the microorganisms’ multiplication, enzyme activity, and maize yield were significantly disturbed by the excess of cobalt in the soil regardless of the soil type. The zeolite Bio.Zeo.S.01 used in the study had a smaller impact on microorganisms and soil enzyme activity than the molecular sieve. Cobalt accumulated more in the roots than in the above-ground parts of maize. An addition of sorbents decreased the accumulation of cobalt in maize grown only on sandy clay loam.
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