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Open AccessArticle

Use of a Zeolite and Molecular Sieve to Restore Homeostasis of Soil Contaminated with Cobalt

Department of Microbiology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland
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Minerals 2020, 10(1), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10010053
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 27 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 6 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bio-Transformation and Mineralization Induced by Microorganisms)
Since contamination of soil with cobalt disturbs the soil's biological balance, various types of compounds are being sought that could be used to restore the homeostasis of contaminated soil. The aim of the study was to determine the use of a Bio.Zeo.S.01 zeolite and molecular sieve in restoring the microbiological and biochemical balance of soil contaminated with cobalt. Soil samples were contaminated with cobalt (CoCl2·6H2O) at 0, 20, 80 mg·kg−1, and a Bio.Zeo.S.01 zeolite and molecular sieve were introduced at 0 and 15 g·kg−1. The soils on which the experiment was conducted were loamy sand and sandy clay loam. The experiment was carried out in two series on soil with and without a crop sown in it. The multiplication of microorganisms and the soil enzymes’ activity were determined on days 25 and 50 (harvest) of the experiment, and the yield of the underground and above-ground parts of maize and chemical and physical properties of soil were determined on the day of harvest. It was found that the microorganisms’ multiplication, enzyme activity, and maize yield were significantly disturbed by the excess of cobalt in the soil regardless of the soil type. The zeolite Bio.Zeo.S.01 used in the study had a smaller impact on microorganisms and soil enzyme activity than the molecular sieve. Cobalt accumulated more in the roots than in the above-ground parts of maize. An addition of sorbents decreased the accumulation of cobalt in maize grown only on sandy clay loam.
Keywords: zeolite; molecular sieve; cobalt; microorganisms; soil enzymes; maize zeolite; molecular sieve; cobalt; microorganisms; soil enzymes; maize
MDPI and ACS Style

Boros-Lajszner, E.; Wyszkowska, J.; Kucharski, J. Use of a Zeolite and Molecular Sieve to Restore Homeostasis of Soil Contaminated with Cobalt. Minerals 2020, 10, 53.

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