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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Evaporation and Antievaporation Instabilities

Center for Field Theory and Particle Physics & Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Symmetry 2017, 9(11), 249;
Received: 14 September 2017 / Revised: 16 October 2017 / Accepted: 20 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry: Feature Papers 2017)
PDF [414 KB, uploaded 28 October 2017]


We review (anti)evaporation phenomena within the context of quantum gravity and extended theories of gravity. The (anti)evaporation effect is an instability of the black hole horizon discovered in many different scenarios: quantum dilaton-gravity, f ( R ) -gravity, f ( T ) -gravity, string-inspired black holes, and brane-world cosmology. Evaporating and antievaporating black holes seem to have completely different thermodynamical features compared to standard semiclassical black holes. The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to conceptual and technical aspects of (anti)evaporation effects, while discussing problems that are still open. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative gravity; black holes; gravitational instabilities. alternative gravity; black holes; gravitational instabilities.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Addazi, A.; Marciano, A. Evaporation and Antievaporation Instabilities. Symmetry 2017, 9, 249.

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