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Classical and Quantum Burgers Fluids: A Challenge for Group Analysis

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, La Trobe University, Bundoora VIC 3086, Australia
Academic Editor: Roman M. Cherniha
Symmetry 2015, 7(4), 1803-1815; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym7041803
Received: 3 July 2015 / Revised: 14 September 2015 / Accepted: 24 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lie Theory and Its Applications)
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Abstract

The most general second order irrotational vector field evolution equation is constructed, that can be transformed to a single equation for the Cole–Hopf potential. The exact solution to the radial Burgers equation, with constant mass influx through a spherical supply surface, is constructed. The complex linear Schrödinger equation is equivalent to an integrable system of two coupled real vector equations of Burgers type. The first velocity field is the particle current divided by particle probability density. The second vector field gives a complex valued correction to the velocity that results in the correct quantum mechanical correction to the kinetic energy density of the Madelung fluid. It is proposed how to use symmetry analysis to systematically search for other constrained potential systems that generate a closed system of vector component evolution equations with constraints other than irrotationality. View Full-Text
Keywords: Burgers equation; integrability; Schrödinger equation; Madelung fluid Burgers equation; integrability; Schrödinger equation; Madelung fluid
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Broadbridge, P. Classical and Quantum Burgers Fluids: A Challenge for Group Analysis. Symmetry 2015, 7, 1803-1815.

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