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# Modeling Test and Numerical Simulation of Vertical Bearing Performance for Rigid-Flexible Composite Pouch Piles with Expanded Bottom (RFCPPEB)

by 1,2,*, 4 and
1
Deportment of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University City College, Hangzhou 310015, China
2
School of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Anhui University Science & Technology, Huainan 232001, China
3
School of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China
4
Henan Province Highway Engineering Bureau Group Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450052, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2022, 14(1), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14010107
Received: 8 December 2021 / Revised: 27 December 2021 / Accepted: 6 January 2022 / Published: 8 January 2022
Rigid-flexible composite pouch piles with expanded bottom (RFCPPEB) are generally considered as new symmetrical piles in practical engineering, but their bearing characteristics and design method are still not completely understood. The objective of this study is to investigate the vertical bearing performance and the optimal design scheme of RFCPPEB. Hence, laboratory modeling tests for this symmetric structure and an ABAQUS three-dimensional (3D) numerical simulation analysis were used to study the vertical bearing characteristics on bottom-expanded piles and rigid-flexible composite piles with expanded bottom. The vertical bearing capacity, shaft resistance, pile tip resistance distribution rule, and load sharing ratio of RFCPPEB were analyzed and verified using different bottom expansion dimensions and cemented soil thicknesses. The results revealed that the optimal bottom expansion ratio of rigid bottom-expanded piles was 1.8 when the ratio of pile body to bottom-expanded pile head was 9:1. When the bottom expansion ratio (D/d) was increased, the bearing capacity of bottom-expanded piles was significantly increased at D/d = 1.4 and D/d = 1.8 compared to that of D/d = 1.0, reaching 1.67 and 2.29 times, respectively, while for D/d = 1.6 and D/d = 2.0, the ultimate bearing capacity remained unchanged. Besides, shaft resistance played an important role in the bearing process of the rigid bottom-expanded piles and RFCPPEB. When the shaft resistance was increased, the ultimate bearing capacity of the pile foundation was significantly improved. The shaft resistance of RFCPPEB was increased with increasing cemented soil thickness. The increases in the shaft resistance and thickness of the cemented soil showed a nonlinear growth, and the maximum shaft resistance was approximately 75 cm from the pile top. When the diameter of the expanded head was 1.8 times the diameter of the pipe pile and slightly larger than the thickness of the cemented soil (0.5 times the diameter of the pipe pile), the optimal amount of concrete 425.5 kN/m3 required for per unit volume around piles was obtained, with the RFCPPEB ultimate bearing capacity of 7.5 kN. For RFCPPEB, the soil pressure at the pile tip was directly proportional to the pile top load under small load and was decreased in the form of a half quadric curve under large load. It reached the most reasonable position where the slope of the quadric curve was the largest when the thickness of the cemented soil was larger than 0.5 times the diameter of the pipe pile. View Full-Text
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Que, Y.; Wang, K.; Diao, H.; Cui, Y.; Li, Q.; Li, D. Modeling Test and Numerical Simulation of Vertical Bearing Performance for Rigid-Flexible Composite Pouch Piles with Expanded Bottom (RFCPPEB). Symmetry 2022, 14, 107. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14010107

AMA Style

Wang X, Que Y, Wang K, Diao H, Cui Y, Li Q, Li D. Modeling Test and Numerical Simulation of Vertical Bearing Performance for Rigid-Flexible Composite Pouch Piles with Expanded Bottom (RFCPPEB). Symmetry. 2022; 14(1):107. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14010107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xinquan, Yichen Que, Kangyu Wang, Hongguo Diao, Yunliang Cui, Qing Li, and Dongliang Li. 2022. "Modeling Test and Numerical Simulation of Vertical Bearing Performance for Rigid-Flexible Composite Pouch Piles with Expanded Bottom (RFCPPEB)" Symmetry 14, no. 1: 107. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14010107

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