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The Neurological Asymmetry of Self-Face Recognition

The Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, Montclair State University, 207 Science Hall, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA
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Academic Editors: Sergei D. Odintsov and Chiara Spironelli
Symmetry 2021, 13(7), 1135; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13071135
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 21 June 2021 / Published: 25 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuroscience, Neurophysiology and Symmetry)
While the desire to uncover the neural correlates of consciousness has taken numerous directions, self-face recognition has been a constant in attempts to isolate aspects of self-awareness. The neuroimaging revolution of the 1990s brought about systematic attempts to isolate the underlying neural basis of self-face recognition. These studies, including some of the first fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) examinations, revealed a right-hemisphere bias for self-face recognition in a diverse set of regions including the insula, the dorsal frontal lobe, the temporal parietal junction, and the medial temporal cortex. In this systematic review, we provide confirmation of these data (which are correlational) which were provided by TMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation) and patients in which direct inhibition or ablation of right-hemisphere regions leads to a disruption or absence of self-face recognition. These data are consistent with a number of theories including a right-hemisphere dominance for self-awareness and/or a right-hemisphere specialization for identifying significant social relationships, including to oneself. View Full-Text
Keywords: symmetry; self-face recognition; right hemisphere; self-awareness symmetry; self-face recognition; right hemisphere; self-awareness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Janowska, A.; Balugas, B.; Pardillo, M.; Mistretta, V.; Chavarria, K.; Brenya, J.; Shelansky, T.; Martinez, V.; Pagano, K.; Ahmad, N.; Zorns, S.; Straus, A.; Sierra, S.; Keenan, J.P. The Neurological Asymmetry of Self-Face Recognition. Symmetry 2021, 13, 1135. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13071135

AMA Style

Janowska A, Balugas B, Pardillo M, Mistretta V, Chavarria K, Brenya J, Shelansky T, Martinez V, Pagano K, Ahmad N, Zorns S, Straus A, Sierra S, Keenan JP. The Neurological Asymmetry of Self-Face Recognition. Symmetry. 2021; 13(7):1135. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13071135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Janowska, Aleksandra, Brianna Balugas, Matthew Pardillo, Victoria Mistretta, Katherine Chavarria, Janet Brenya, Taylor Shelansky, Vanessa Martinez, Kitty Pagano, Nathira Ahmad, Samantha Zorns, Abigail Straus, Sarah Sierra, and Julian P. Keenan 2021. "The Neurological Asymmetry of Self-Face Recognition" Symmetry 13, no. 7: 1135. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13071135

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