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Article

Development of Perceptual Inhibition in Adolescents—A Critical Period?

1
National Council for Scientific and Technical Research, Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires B7602AYJ, Argentina
2
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Universitat de València, E-46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chiara Spironelli and Vilfredo De Pascalis
Symmetry 2021, 13(3), 457; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13030457
Received: 31 January 2021 / Revised: 24 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 11 March 2021
Recent studies suggest that the developmental curves in adolescence, related to the development of executive functions, could be fitted to a non-linear trajectory of development with progressions and retrogressions. Therefore, the present study proposes to analyze the pattern of development in Perceptual Inhibition (PI), considering all stages of adolescence (early, middle, and late) in intervals of one year. To this aim, we worked with a sample of 275 participants between 10 and 25 years, who performed a joint visual and search task (to measure PI). We have fitted ex-Gaussian functions to the probability distributions of the mean response time across the sample and performed a covariance analysis (ANCOVA). The results showed that the 10- to 13-year-old groups performed similarly in the task and differ from the 14- to 19-year-old participants. We found significant differences between the older group and all the rest of the groups. We discuss the important changes that can be observed in relation to the nonlinear trajectory of development that would show the PI during adolescence. View Full-Text
Keywords: development; adolescents; perceptual inhibition; executive function; joint visual search task development; adolescents; perceptual inhibition; executive function; joint visual search task
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MDPI and ACS Style

Introzzi, I.M.; Richard’s, M.M.; Aydmune, Y.; Zamora, E.V.; Stelzer, F.; García Coni, A.; Lopez-Ramon, M.F.; Navarro-Pardo, E. Development of Perceptual Inhibition in Adolescents—A Critical Period? Symmetry 2021, 13, 457. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13030457

AMA Style

Introzzi IM, Richard’s MM, Aydmune Y, Zamora EV, Stelzer F, García Coni A, Lopez-Ramon MF, Navarro-Pardo E. Development of Perceptual Inhibition in Adolescents—A Critical Period? Symmetry. 2021; 13(3):457. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13030457

Chicago/Turabian Style

Introzzi, Isabel M., María M. Richard’s, Yesica Aydmune, Eliana V. Zamora, Florencia Stelzer, Ana García Coni, María Fernanda Lopez-Ramon, and Esperanza Navarro-Pardo. 2021. "Development of Perceptual Inhibition in Adolescents—A Critical Period?" Symmetry 13, no. 3: 457. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13030457

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