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Conversion of Dual-Use Technology: A Differential Game Analysis under the Civil-Military Integration

1
School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2
School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(11), 1861; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12111861
Received: 5 October 2020 / Revised: 4 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
Civil-military integration enables the symmetry development of dual-use technologies in the defense and civilian areas. In this paper, we used stochastic differential game theory to build theoretical models of the dual-use technology conversion between a military firm and a civilian firm. The models include three directions of dual-use technology conversion, namely, spin-off, spin-in, and mix. In particular, we incorporate the dynamic development of dual-use technology into the research framework. Our results show that the order of the Pareto optimality results is mix, spin-in, spin-out, including the best effort, the highest revenue, and the most technology value-added. The results also indicate that: (1) Some random interference factors can affect the transfer efforts, such as the coefficient of technological innovation capability and cost coefficients. (2) The military subsidies factor is an inventive mechanism that can promote dual-use transfer from the civilian firm to the military. (3) The military enterprise only earns more than the civilian firm in spin-in. (4) The growth of models in the dual-use technology conversion process faces increased technology uncertainty. View Full-Text
Keywords: dual-use technology conversion; civilmilitary integration (CMI) model; differential game dual-use technology conversion; civilmilitary integration (CMI) model; differential game
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, X.; Yang, X.; Zhang, L. Conversion of Dual-Use Technology: A Differential Game Analysis under the Civil-Military Integration. Symmetry 2020, 12, 1861. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12111861

AMA Style

Cao X, Yang X, Zhang L. Conversion of Dual-Use Technology: A Differential Game Analysis under the Civil-Military Integration. Symmetry. 2020; 12(11):1861. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12111861

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cao, Xia, Xiaojun Yang, and Lupeng Zhang. 2020. "Conversion of Dual-Use Technology: A Differential Game Analysis under the Civil-Military Integration" Symmetry 12, no. 11: 1861. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12111861

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