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Efficient Lattice CP-ABE AC Scheme Supporting Reduced-OBDD Structure for CCN/NDN

School of Computer Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
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Symmetry 2020, 12(1), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12010166
Received: 3 December 2019 / Revised: 1 January 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 14 January 2020
In line with the proposed 5th Generation network, content centric network/named data networking (CCN/NDN) has been offered as one of the promising paradigms to cope with the communication needs of future realistic network communications. CCN/NDN allows network communication based on content names and also allows users to obtain information from any of the nearest intermediary caches on the network. Due to that, the ability of cached content to protect itself is essential since contents can be cached on any node everywhere, and publishers may not have total control over their own published data. The attribute based encryption (ABE) scheme is a preferable approach, identified to enable cached contents to be self-secured since it has a special property of encryption with policies. However, most of the proposed ABE schemes for CCN/NDN suffer from some loopholes. They are not flexible in the expression of access policy, they are inefficient, they are based on bilinear maps with pairings, and they are vulnerable to quantum cryptography algorithms. Hence, we propose the ciphertext policy attribute based encryption access control (CP-ABE AC) scheme from a lightweight ideal lattice based on ring learning with error (R-LWE) problem, and demonstrated its use in practical applications. The proposed scheme is proved to be secure and efficient under the decision ring LWE problem in the selective set model. To achieve an efficient scheme, we used an efficient trapdoor technique and the access tree representation of access structure describing the access policies was modified into a new structure, based on a reduced ordered binary decision diagram (reduce-OBDD). This access structure can support Boolean operations such as AND, NOT, OR, and threshold gates. The final result showed that the proposed scheme was secure and efficient for applications, thereby supporting CCN/NDN as a promising paradigm
Keywords: access policy; CCN/NDN; CP-ABE; Gaussian sampling; lattice; reduced-OBDD access policy; CCN/NDN; CP-ABE; Gaussian sampling; lattice; reduced-OBDD
MDPI and ACS Style

Affum, E.; Zhang, X.; Wang, X.; Ansuura, J.B. Efficient Lattice CP-ABE AC Scheme Supporting Reduced-OBDD Structure for CCN/NDN. Symmetry 2020, 12, 166.

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