Position error-compensation control in the servo system of computerized numerical control (CNC) machine tools relies on accurate prediction of dynamic tracking errors of the machine tool feed system. In this paper, in order to accurately predict dynamic tracking errors, a hybrid modeling method is proposed and a dynamic model of the ball screw feed system is developed. Firstly, according to the law of conservation of energy, a complete multi-domain system analytical model of a ball screw feed system was established based on energy flow. In order to overcome the uncertainties of the analytical model, then the data-driven model based on the back propagation (BP) neural network was established and trained using experimental data. Finally, the data-driven model was coupled with the multi-domain analytical model and the hybrid model was developed. The model was verified by experiment at different velocities and the results show that the prediction accuracy of the hybrid model reaches high levels. The hybrid modeling method combines the advantages of analytical modeling and data-driven modeling methods, and can significantly improve the feed system’s modeling accuracy. The research results of this paper are of great significance to improve the compensation control accuracy of CNC machine tools.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited