Testing New Methods for Boarding a Partially Occupied Airplane Using Apron Buses
AbstractThe use of apron buses has become a common practice at many European airports. Previous studies related to airplane boarding rarely apply when apron buses are used, leaving airlines with no well-researched option except to use the random boarding method. In this paper, we test the time to complete boarding a two-door airplane using various boarding methods with two apron buses. These methods were inspired by the classical outside-in, back-to-front, and reverse-pyramid methods considering the limited number of boarding groups corresponding to the limited number of apron buses used for transporting passengers from the terminal to the aircraft. Unlike earlier publications, we test these methods under partial aircraft occupancy. Furthermore, we test the boarding methods under conditions involving: different passenger occupancy rates, different luggage situations, and with two types of seating assignments—random and based upon passenger seating preferences—by considering the advantages brought by the symmetric layout of the aircraft. Experimental results indicate that the best performing method can reduce the boarding time by up to 38.6% compared to the time resulting from the random boarding method. When the airplane is partially occupied, the best performing methods are reverse pyramid–A, hybrid–A, and hybrid–B, all with similar performances.
- Supplementary File 1:
ZIP-Document (ZIP, 3056 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Cotfas, L.-A.; Delcea, C.; Milne, R.J.; Salari, M.; Crăciun, L.; Molănescu, A.G. Testing New Methods for Boarding a Partially Occupied Airplane Using Apron Buses. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1044.
Cotfas L-A, Delcea C, Milne RJ, Salari M, Crăciun L, Molănescu AG. Testing New Methods for Boarding a Partially Occupied Airplane Using Apron Buses. Symmetry. 2019; 11(8):1044.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cotfas, Liviu-Adrian; Delcea, Camelia; Milne, R. John; Salari, Mostafa; Crăciun, Liliana; Molănescu, Anca Gabriela. 2019. "Testing New Methods for Boarding a Partially Occupied Airplane Using Apron Buses." Symmetry 11, no. 8: 1044.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.