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Fully Metallic Flat Lens Based on Locally Twist-Symmetric Array of Complementary Split-Ring Resonators

1
Division of Electromagnetic Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Laboratoire d’Électronique et Électromagnétisme, Sorbonne Université, F-75005 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(4), 581; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11040581
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 19 April 2019 / Published: 22 April 2019
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Abstract

In this article, we demonstrate how twist symmetries can be employed in the design of flat lenses. A lens design is proposed, consisting of 13 perforated metallic sheets separated by an air gap. The perforation in the metal is a two-dimensional array of complementary split-ring resonators. In this specific design, the twist symmetry is local, as it is only applied to the unit cell of the array. Moreover, the twist symmetry is an approximation, as it is only applied to part of the unit cell. First, we demonstrate that, by varying the order of twist symmetry, the phase delay experienced by a wave propagating through the array can be accurately controlled. Secondly, a lens is designed by tailoring the unit cells throughout the aperture of the lens in order to obtain the desired phase delay. Simulation and measurement results demonstrate that the lens successfully transforms a spherical wave emanating from the focal point into a plane wave at the opposite side of the lens. The demonstrated concepts find application in future wireless communication networks where fully-metallic directive antennas are desired. View Full-Text
Keywords: twist symmetry; lens antenna; complementary split-ring resonator; complementary split ring resonator (CSRR) twist symmetry; lens antenna; complementary split-ring resonator; complementary split ring resonator (CSRR)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dahlberg, O.; Valerio, G.; Quevedo-Teruel, O. Fully Metallic Flat Lens Based on Locally Twist-Symmetric Array of Complementary Split-Ring Resonators. Symmetry 2019, 11, 581.

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