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Symmetry 2019, 11(2), 138; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11020138

Gentle Slow Start to Alleviate TCP Incast in Data Center Networks

1
School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
School of Computer Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 25 January 2019 / Published: 27 January 2019
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Abstract

Modern data center networks typically adopt symmetric topologies, such as leaf-spine and fat-tree. When a large number of transmission control protocol (TCP) flows in data center networks send data to the same receiver, the congestion collapse, called TCP Incast, frequently happens because of the huge packet losses and Time-Out. To address the TCP Incast issue, we firstly demonstrate that adjusting the increasing speed of the congestion window during the slow start phase is crucially important. Then we propose the Gentle Slow Start (GSS) algorithm, which adjusts the congestion window according to real-time congestion state in a gentle manner and smoothly switches from slow start to congestion avoidance phase. Furthermore, we present the implementation and design of Gentle Slow Start and also integrate it into the state-of-the-art data center transport protocols. The test results show that GSS effectively decreases the Incast probability and increases the network goodput by average 8x. View Full-Text
Keywords: congestion control; Incast; slow start; data center networks; TCP congestion control; Incast; slow start; data center networks; TCP
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Memon, S.; Huang, J.; Saajid, H. Gentle Slow Start to Alleviate TCP Incast in Data Center Networks. Symmetry 2019, 11, 138.

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