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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

The Erez–Rosen Solution Versus the Hartle–Thorne Solution

1
National Nanotechnology Laboratory of Open Type, Department of Theoretical and Nuclear Physics, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty 050040, Kazakhstan
2
Dipartimento di Fisica and ICRA, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, I-00185 Roma, Italy
3
Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, AP 70543, Mexico, DF 04510, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Energetic Cosmos Laboratory, Department of Physics, Nazarbayev University, Qabanbay Batyr 53, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan.
Symmetry 2019, 11(10), 1324; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11101324
Received: 5 October 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 18 October 2019 / Published: 22 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Solutions of Einstein Equations in Spherical Symmetry)
In this work, we investigate the correspondence between the Erez–Rosen and Hartle–Thorne solutions. We explicitly show how to establish the relationship and find the coordinate transformations between the two metrics. For this purpose the two metrics must have the same approximation and describe the gravitational field of static objects. Since both the Erez–Rosen and the Hartle–Thorne solutions are particular solutions of a more general solution, the Zipoy–Voorhees transformation is applied to the exact Erez–Rosen metric in order to obtain a generalized solution in terms of the Zipoy–Voorhees parameter δ = 1 + s q . The Geroch–Hansen multipole moments of the generalized Erez–Rosen metric are calculated to find the definition of the total mass and quadrupole moment in terms of the mass m, quadrupole q and Zipoy–Voorhees δ parameters. The coordinate transformations between the metrics are found in the approximation of ∼q. It is shown that the Zipoy–Voorhees parameter is equal to δ = 1 q with s = 1 . This result is in agreement with previous results in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: vacuum solutions; quadrupole moment; coordinate transformations vacuum solutions; quadrupole moment; coordinate transformations
MDPI and ACS Style

Boshkayev, K.; Quevedo, H.; Nurbakyt, G.; Malybayev, A.; Urazalina, A. The Erez–Rosen Solution Versus the Hartle–Thorne Solution. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1324.

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