Automatic reconstructing of neural circuits in the brain is one of the most crucial studies in neuroscience. Connectomes segmentation plays an important role in reconstruction from electron microscopy (EM) images; however, it is rather challenging due to highly anisotropic shapes with inferior quality and various thickness. In our paper, we propose a novel connectomes segmentation framework called adversarial and densely dilated network (ADDN) to address these issues. ADDN is based on the conditional Generative Adversarial Network (cGAN) structure which is the latest advance in machine learning with power to generate images similar to the ground truth especially when the training data is limited. Specifically, we design densely dilated network (DDN) as the segmentor to allow a deeper architecture and larger receptive fields for more accurate segmentation. Discriminator is trained to distinguish generated segmentation from manual segmentation. During training, such adversarial loss function is optimized together with dice loss. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that our ADDN is effective for such connectomes segmentation task, helping to retrieve more accurate segmentation and attenuate the blurry effects of generated boundary map. Our method obtains state-of-the-art performance while requiring less computation on ISBI 2012 EM dataset and mouse piriform cortex dataset.
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